30-06 vs. 30-30, two tried-and-true rifle cartridges are commonly found in the field. Let"s study these 2 calibers and also see the pros and cons that each and also why you could opt because that one in her arsenal end the other.

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If girlfriend are searching for a hunting or target-shooting cartridge, there space plenty of brand-new options to select from. The 6.5 Creedmoor (2007), the .307 Winchester (1982), and also the 7mm-08 Remington (1980) space all relatively brand-new additions to the deer-hunter’s arsenal. Yet sometimes, the standards reign. Two of those classics include the 30-30 Winchester and 30-06 Springfield calibers.


The .30-30 Winchester and also the .30-06 Springfield room two cartridges that have remained fairly unchanged for over a century. Due to the fact that of their great design and also rugged versatility, both cartridges have found a huge calling in miscellaneous circles, particularly deer hunting. Indigenous generation to generation, these have been a go-to round for numerous gun owners.

But i beg your pardon one is right for you?

Let’s to compare the 30-30 vs. 30-06 and see if either is appropriate for her needs. Come start, let’s get a sense of each cartridge’s history.

Getting to recognize the .30-30 Winchester

The .30-30 Winchester is one of the an excellent success story in American firearms. Regardless of its release before the begin of the 20th century, this hard-hitting however smooth-shooting cartridge has maintained a loyal following, especially among deer and also medium-game hunters.


The renowned “Thirty Thirty” was an initial created for use through the Winchester version 1894 rifle. The model 1894 is a lever-action gun that is advantageous for hunting and also target shooting. Winchester designed and also marketed it together a sporting cartridge. The was an ext powerful than lot of the competition, however it was lightweight, straightforward to handle, and also remarkably reliable. The caliber had virtually no armed forces or police-force use. It also came with a reasonable price, which absolutely propelled the success amongst American total owners.

The first versions that the .30-30 Winchester loaded 160-grain bullets. Today, the most renowned are one of two people 150-grain or the heavier 170-grain projectiles. However, friend can find .30-30 cartridges in a wide range of sizes, ranging from 110 grains to practically 200 grains.


Because the cartridges are usually loaded right into lever-action rifles with a pipe magazine, the bullets carry out not have actually pointed tips. In tube magazines, cartridges are loaded front-to-back, so a spicy tip might accidentally ignite a cartridge in the magazine. For this reason, you will normally see .30-30 cartridges with level noses.

• Released: 1895• bullet Diameter: .308 inches• general Bullet Size: 110 to 180 grains• case Length: 2 inches• Called: “Thirty-Thirty”• typically used in lever-action rifles

Getting to know the .30-06 Springfield

Unlike .30-30 Winchester, which was designed particularly for sporting, the .30-06 Springfield has a solid military heritage. The U.S. Military and also Springfield Armory an initial released and embraced the cartridge in 1906, thus the “06” in the name.


While the cartridge is bigger and an ext powerful than many other options, it to be actually constructed as a lighter, much faster combat round, which to be the trend at the time. The idea to be to develop a fast, precise cartridge that could reach greater distances while transferring penetration right into the enemy. The 30-06 to be modified native the .30-03, v a slightly much shorter neck and a 150-grain bullet.

Eventually, the military modified rifles to accommodate the new round. Every one of a sudden, .30-06 Springfield ammo ended up being one of the most vital cartridges in American history. GI’s offered the cartridge in WWI, WWII, Korea, and also Vietnam, amongst other conflicts.

The cartridge, while absolutely not perfect, had exceptional capability for efficient distance and reliability. It came to be a valuable combat cartridge, serving as the main U.S. Army cartridge for virtually five decades.


The exact same power, speed, and distance the made it a advantageous combat tool also made it a famous hunting round. Deer hunters love it. 30-06 packs a wide variety of bullet sizes, including rounds varying from 110 to together high together 220 grains, although most are in the range of 150 to 180.

• Released: 1906• bullet Diameter: .308 inches• general Bullet Size: 110 – 220 grains• case Length: 2.5 inches• Nickname: “Thirty Aught Six” or “Aught-six”• frequently used in bolt-action rifles

.30-30 Winchester vs. .30-06 Springfield

Price Comparison

Price is always a tricky subject in ammunition. Some world are just not concerned while others do it a peak priority. Because that this debate, however, it seems to be more or much less a draw, v a slim savings for 30-06 shooters.

In our choice of ammo, the shortest per-round price for a .30-30 was $.65, while the .30-06 to be $.56.

The highest-price round, however, goes to the .30-06, at $2.00 every cartridge, $.25 an ext expensive 보다 the highest-priced .30-30 ammo.

For comparison, a 150-grain .30-30 Winchester Super-X Power-Point is $.90 every round, if a 150-grain .30-06 Springfield Super-X Power-Point is $.85.

These space not considered high-volume cartridges, so many us wouldn’t consider a nickel every shot a large deal.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield (minimal advantage)

Velocity – Is 30-30 or 30-06 Faster?

Speed is an important component for trajectory, wind resistance, and terminal ballistics. The quicker the bullet, in general, the better it will certainly perform. Once it pertains to velocity, the .30-06 Springfield is considered the faster round. Over there is some overlap in speeds, however. The .30-30 Winchester usually has actually a rate of approximately 2,200 come 2,700 feet every second, if the .30-06 Springfield logs speed from about 2,500 to as practically 3,000 feet every second.

Looking in ~ the exact same Super-X assets we mentioned above (150-grain in each cartridge) we view that the .30-30 has a muzzle velocity of 2,390 fps if the .30-06 Springfield has an fps over 2,900. At 200 yards, the .30-30 drops come 1,685 fps while the Springfield is cruising at 2,397 fps.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield

Energy Comparison

As you could have guessed, v the exact same bullet size, the .30-06 has a more powerful stat heat for as whole energy.

The .30-06 Springfield product us mentioned prior to has a muzzle power of 2,839 foot-pounds, matches the .30-30’s power is only 1,902.

At 200 yards, the .30-06 maintains an power of 1,914 foot pounds, if the .30-30 drops listed below 1,000 foot-pounds.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield


The .30-06 Springfield, largely because of the greater velocity, maintains a straight trajectory downrange. As soon as zeroed come 100 yards, the 150-grain .30-06 Super-X just drops 3.5 inches at 200 yards.

Under the very same conditions, the .30-30 fall 7.7 inches.

At 300, the Springfield drops 13 inches, while the Winchester drops nearly 28.

Winner: .30-06 Springfield


The .30-30 Winchester has to win somewhere, and also it does through recoil. This cartridge to be designed particularly for irradiate recoil. Since of that, it’s one of the favorite cartridges because that deer hunters, specifically in densely-forested areas such as the wooded areas of the north midwest. This lighter recoil also makes that a an excellent beginner cartridge.

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Winner: .30-30 Win

So, What Caliber Wins: 30-30 vs. 30-06 Springfield?

If you need a significant cartridge with as much power, speed, and accuracy together possible, the .30-06 Springfield is usually your finest option. This cartridge has a well-earned reputation as among the top hunting rounds in the country. So, just about any shooter will certainly be happy through it.

However, if friend are new to searching or target shooting, however want something with far an ext potential 보다 a rimfire round, the classic .30-30 Winchester is a great option. And as an included bonus, you acquire to shoot a lever-action rifle. Lever actions might be one of the most fun varieties of rifles to shoot!