METEOROLOGIST JEFF HABYEnergy is spread by radiation, conduction and convection. Radiation is the motion of energy in waves/particles at or near the rate of light. Every objects emit radiation and the amount and wavelength the emitted radiation depends on temperature. Conduction is the activity of power by straight contact. The classic example of this is a pan warming the is on the range. Convection is the activity of warm by the mixing the takes locations in a fluid. A fluid is a gas or liquid. Convection does no take ar to a far-ranging degree in solids because the molecules space not cost-free to move like through gas or liquids. Every three processes are important to power transfer in the troposphere. The primary warming the the earth"s surface ar is indigenous the sun"s radiation. Best at the surface all three circulation mechanisms take it place. The sun warms the ground by radiation. The floor warms the air nearby to the surface ar through conduction. Wind mixes the warmer air in ~ the surface ar with cooler waiting aloft with convection. Certain gases can absorb radiation and also warm. The classic examples of the gases that perform this room ozone, carbon dioxide and water vapor. Ozone is good at soaking up UV radiation and also warming. Carbon dioxide and also water vapor (greenhouse gases) are an excellent at absorbing infrared radiation and warming. In ~ night, clouds will keep the temperatures warmer than than otherwise would be because of the absorption and thus "trapping" the infrared radiation emitted from the surface. Conduction is a far-reaching process immediately at the earth"s surface yet is no really far-ranging above the surface because the environment is composed of fluids. The temperature that the earth"s surface ar will have a far-ranging influence on the surface ar air temperature because of the conduction process. The mass of heat power transferred in the troposphere is done by convection. Convection does not only average thunderstorm clouds but means any mixing of air. Air is constantly on the move (rising, sinking and advecting). The air mixes as it moves into the neighboring air.
The winds in the troposphere and the thermals rising from the earth"s surface space constantly mixing the air. Following time friend are exterior look for the processes of radiation, conduction and also convection the are arising in the troposphere.