Parallel structure, or parallelism, way using the very same pattern of native to display that two or much more words or concepts are of same importance. Words and also phrases in ~ a sentence need to not only enhance in structure, but likewise in tense. Writers usage parallel structure to include clarity to their writing, make it much easier to understand and also show the their creating is structurally and also grammatically correct. Explore parallel framework to better understand the concept.



The problematic areas are italicized below.

Ashley likes to ski, to swim and jump. (There demands to be a \"to\" between \"and\" and also \"jump,\" to be parallel with the various other items. )She likes dancing and also to sing songs. (This must pair \"to dance\" with \"to sing\" for this reason the infinitive kind is offered throughout the sentence.)

Parallel framework With -ing Endings

Be consistent and also use parallel framework with indigenous that end in -ing.


The bold words indicate that parallel building is offered correctly.

Joe likes running, walking and being active.We reap relaxing and sitting out in the sun.

You are watching: Which sentence contains correct parallel structure


The native that must be parallel however aren\"t are presented in italics here.

Joe likes running, walking and outdoor activities. (\"Running\" and \"walking\" are parallel with each other, however \"outdoor activities\" is no parallel. Use \"participating in the end activities\" or similar.)We enjoy relaxing and like come sit out in the sun. (The italicized phrases space not parallel; they have to both incorporate verbs that end in -ing.)


The bold terms show parallel construction between the clauses.

The teacher told castle that they must study and that they should practice your words every night. Mine parents stated get a good education and also do not settle for less.


In these, the clauses carry out not highlight parallel construction. The problem wording is highlighted.

The teacher told castle to study and that they should practice your words every night. (This sentence should either incorporate \"that they\" in both clauses, prefer the correct example above, or that should encompass the indigenous \"said\" between \"that\" and also \"they.\")My parents said to acquire a an excellent education and not resolve for less. (Here, words \"to\" must be included prior to \"not\" in the italicized text.)

Parallel structure in Lists with Colons

When you have items ~ above a list adhering to a colon, the items have to all it is in in the same kind in order to avoid a parallel framework error.


Wording that suggests parallel construction in these is bold.

The following activities can be done at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch and also paying bills.In your bedroom, friend will discover the following: a bed, a closet and also a desk.


The problem wording in this is highlighted in italics.

The following activities can be excellent at the mall: buying groceries, eating lunch and bill payment. (\"Bill payment\" need to be created as \"paying bills\" in order to show parallel construction.)In her bedroom, you will find the following: a bed, a closet and, sitting at a desk. (You shouldn\"t list two nouns through an task in this kind of list. It might read, \"a bed, a closet, and also a workdesk if the is what the writer means. If the writer desires to define someone sit at a desk, that should be component of a brand-new sentence. )

Parallel structure in other Lists

Even when a colon isn\"t provided to introduce a list, parallel building is important.


The terms that form parallel structure in this sentences space bold.

Mary want to make certain that she made her presentation creatively, effectively and persuasively.Tim was considered to it is in a great employee since he to be always ~ above time, he was very motivated and also he was a good leader.


Parallel constructor errors room italicized.

Mary wanted to make certain she made she presentation creatively, effectively and persuaded others.

See more: 2004 Chevrolet Tahoe Fuel Pump For 04 Chevy Tahoe Fuel Pumps From $17

(\"Persuaded others\" is not parallel with the various other list items.)Tim was considered to be a good employee because he was always on time, he was very motivated and led the team well. (\"Led the team well\" is no parallel through the other list items.)

Parallel framework in Verb Tense

Keep in mind the parallel structure must be used when it comes to verb tense. Her verb tense should constantly match.


The bold words in these are all previous tense, which method they space of parallel construction.

She wrote a letter and also mailed it to the school.Yesterday us watched a movie, played video clip games and made pizza.


The listed below mix tenses. The problem wording is italicized.

She writes a letter and also mailed it to the school. (This mixes present and past tense; both words need to be the exact same tense.)Yesterday we watched a movie, play video games and also made pizza. (\"Watched\" and \"made\" are past tense, however \"play\" is existing tense. It must be \"played\" since the sentence mentions this took location in the past.)

The importance of Parallel Structure

Parallel framework provides flow in a sentence. It keeps your writing balanced and also makes it easier to read. It likewise shows that concepts are of same importance. Errors in parallel structure can make your writing sound strange to listeners. Plenty of tests, including the SAT, will need you to recognize parallel framework errors as a means of experimentation your creating abilities. Come further increase your knowledge about parallel framework in writing, review these that parallelism in literature and rhetoric.