How often do you skim texts, looking for amazing tidbits? and how regularly do you feeling disappointed?

I sometimes wonder whether we, as service writers, space doomed to boring each other to tears.

At school, we’ve learned how to write. Us learned about grammar and also punctuation. Yet did us learn how to create well? Did we learn exactly how to communicate our readers? and also how to be persuasive?

If we desire our message to stick, we need to educate and entertain ours readers. If we want to re-superstructure our large ideas there is no boring our reader to tears, we need to mix abstract advice through concrete imagery.

You are watching: Which of the following is an example of concrete language

You haven’t learned that at school, have actually you? Me neither.

Shall ns explain?

The ladder the abstraction

At school, you might have learned that words are either summary or concrete.

A pear, a grape, a juicy pineapple—these room all concrete words since we can hold a pear in our hand, taste a grape, and also smell a ripe pineapple; they’re tangible.

In contrast, success, failure, and a mathematical equation space abstract concepts because we can’t touch failure, us can’t taste one equation, and also we can’t smell success. This phrases nothing conjure up concrete pictures in ours mind—unless us get much more detailed details like: Henrietta tripped over she shoelaces, shed the contest, and also cried prefer a baby; she felt favor a failure.

The distinction between summary vs concrete might seem clean at first.

But is it?

Think about fruit. What image pops right into your mind?

You might think that the apples, pears and also kiwis in her fruit bowl, or you could think the one juicy mango, or you could think that the fruit display at her supermarket or neighborhood greengrocer.

When a indigenous conjures up different images—a fruit bowl vs one juicy mango, climate a native isn’t dreadful concrete.

Even a word choose apple is tho a tiny little bit abstract, together you might conjure up a various image indigenous me. You could think of the bruised to apologize your mother used for food preparation your favorite apple sauce. Or perhaps you think that the zesty Granny smith you had yesterday afternoon. I’m reasoning of the Braeburn apologize I had for breakfast v cinnamon, blueberries, almonds, and yogurt.

So, abstract and concrete no discrete categories. Lock a gliding scale.

In his excellent publication “A Writer’s Coach,” Jack Hart calls this the ladder that abstraction. You can plot our instance of fruit top top the ladder the abstraction prefer this:


You can create a comparable ladder for other topics, for instance:


The further you descend under the ladder, the much easier it i do not care to visualize her words, to imagine a particular scene.

Many writers remain stuck in ~ the top fifty percent of the ladder. Castle mix summary language with rather concrete language, however they don’t become particular enough.

But only once readers can picture a specific scene, your composing becomes engaging and also colorful.

Examples: just how to mix abstract and also concrete language

Good journalists educate readers by mixing specific stories with abstract data and trends.

An article around knife crime by Gary Younge, for instance, starts v a specific story the a details student:

Quamari Barnes, a 15-year-old student, had been stabbed numerous times. He fell just yards native the institution gate. A woman cradled the in her arms together paramedics rushed to the scene prior to whisking Quamari far to hospital.

By most accounts, Quamari danced to the win of his very own drum. Together a precocious child, he held court in conversations through adults from an early age; by his teens, that could chef a full Sunday roast ~ above his own. Once he to be younger, he had actually no difficulty being the only boy in his dance class; together a teenager, when his friend were right into grime and also rap, the went old-school – Bob Marley, Dennis Brown and Aswad.

Later on, the story gets connected to data and trends:

A urban police report released last month suggested that between 2014 and 2016 the number of children transporting knives in London schools climbed by nearly 50%, while the variety of knife offences in London schools climbed by 26%.

Together, the stories and also data engage and educate. The data room cold facts outlining the large picture. The specific stories about specific people include emotion—they provide color come the difficult data. They make the truth meaningful.

Good educational content jumps from concrete to summary and earlier all the time. Below follows an instance of a concrete i from a blog post around the most essential question in your life by note Manson:

Everybody desires to have actually an impressive job and financial freedom — but not everyone desires to suffer through 60-hour work weeks, lengthy commutes, obnoxious paperwork, come navigate arbitrary this firm hierarchies and also the blasé boundaries of an limitless cubicle hell. Human being want come be well-off without the risk, there is no the sacrifice, without the delay gratification important to accumulate wealth.

And this is the abstract lesson—the rule:

hat we gain out of life is not identified by the good feelings us desire however by what negative feelings we’re willing and also able come sustain to get us to those great feelings.

And the adds a specific story around himself:

For many of mine adolescence and also young adulthood, i fantasized about being a musician — a absent star, in particular. Any kind of badass guitar song I heard, ns would always close my eyes and envision myself up on stage playing it to the screams the the crowd, people absolutely shedding their minds to mine sweet finger-noodling. This fantasy can keep me occupied for hours on end. (…)

Despite fantasizing about this for over fifty percent of my life, the reality never came. And also it took me a long time and a lot of of an unfavorable experiences come finally number out why: i didn’t actually want it. (…)

The everyday drudgery of practicing, the logistics of finding a group and rehearsing, the pains of recognize gigs and actually getting people to display up and give a shit. The damaged strings, the blown pipe amp, hauling 40 pounds of gear to and from rehearsals through no car. That a hill of a dream and a mile-high climb to the top. And what it took me a lengthy time to find is that ns didn’t choose to rise much. I simply liked come imagine the top.

And to jump to the last sentence the his post, Manson summarizes his message in abstract language again:

This is the most simple and an easy component of life: our struggles identify our successes. So select your struggles wisely, my friend.

To obtain readers to hear to our advice, we require to describe the abstract rules, and share concrete story to add meaning. We lay out the big picture, and use instances to add color.

Good creating dances up and down the ladder of abstraction

A good journalist may narrate the story of one refugees family, prior to explaining the patterns in people’s movements across the earth.

A company coach illustrates online service models with real life stories. An architect reflects photos or illustrations of structures to illustrate architectural trends.

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Trends, data, rules, models, lessons, and also advice room all abstract piece of information. Castle tell united state the huge picture.