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Pericles was such a great, significant ruler that Athens that the period of background during his reign has been called the age of Pericles.

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The men wearing red paint were in large trouble.

In fact, they would probably need to pay a fine because that not appearing at the assembly meeting. After ~ being recorded shirking your duty together citizens of Athens, they had actually been marked with red paint as punishment.

In Athenian democracy, every citizens was forced to participate or experience punishment. This practice stands in stark comparison to modern-day democratic federal governments in i m sorry citizens can pick whether or not they great to participate. In Athenian democracy, all citizens pulled your weight.

Not anyone in Athens was taken into consideration a citizen. Just free, adult men appreciated the rights and responsibility that citizenship. Only around 20 percent of the populace of Athens to be citizens. Ladies were no citizens and therefore might not poll or have any kind of say in the political process. They were rarely permitted out in public and also were even restricted as to wherein they could be in ~ their own homes. Slaves and also foreigners were not citizens and likewise could not get involved in the democracy. In the end, democracy existed just for the complimentary men who were initially from Athens.



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Croesus reflects his treasures to Solon in this 17th-century painting. Solon has actually been dubbed one of the seven Wise guys of Greece.

Nevertheless, the idea of democratic government is just one of the most far-ranging contributions that the old Greeks. The city-state of Athens had one of the biggest democracies in terms of population.

Early in Athens" background (around 594 B.C.E.), a guy named Solon

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In English, the word "solon" means "a wise and skillful lawgiver." enacted reforms that assisted reduce the growing gap between the rich and also the poor. Poor citizens obtained the ideal to sit in the assembly and also to vote.

Later, Cleisthenes increased the democracy by offering every citizen equal rights. He additionally created a legislative body whose members to be picked randomly indigenous the general population of citizens.


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Under the tyrant Draco, justice in ancient Athens to be pretty harsh. Return he was the an initial person to compose down the legislations of Athens, follow to Plutarch, Draco, "wrote his legislations in blood, not ink."

Typically, the citizen of Athens would gather in the agora once there to be an assembly meeting. The agora, a fixture of every significant Greek city-state, to be a big open room in the center of the city-state that consisted of a marketplace and government buildings. There, citizens would mingle and discuss the concerns of the day before gathering for the assembly meeting.

During the meeting, citizens were cost-free to express your opinions and cast their votes. It remained in these meeting that human being could be marked with red paint if lock were no fulfilling their public duty.

The courts, too, were generally in the agora. The juries in court situations were very large, regularly numbering in the hundreds and sometimes in the thousands. To it is in fair, Athenians want their juries to reflect the general population. There to be no lawyers. Each citizens was intended to make his very own case.

Athenian democracy depended upon every citizen fulfilling his role. Every citizens were supposed to vote, however they were additionally expected to serve in the federal government if necessary. In Athens, the human being governed, and the majority ruled. All citizens had actually equal rights and also powers.

In a city-state as small as Athens, a pure democracy was possible. As states thrived larger, the concept of electing representatives to make decisions for the general public became more practical. But the idea that every citizen has a voice important enough to be heard originated in old Athens.

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The Greeks: Crucible the Civilization
PBS gift a beautiful designed website on ancient Athens. Be whirled ago in time while checking out cool animation. Interaction maps let you zoom right into the center of Athens. This great site explains the good Athenian lawmakers and also politicians in detail. And also don"t miss the "speak like an old Greek" section.

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Athenian Democracy
The Ancient history Encyclopedia gift this brief but detailed overview the the rise and also fall of Athenian Democracy

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