In accordance through the Constitution, Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic based on the ethics of separation of strength into:

legislativeextennis2007.orgutivejudicial.

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The president of the Republic is the Head of State and also the Commander-in-Chief the the Bulgarian Army.

The President presides end the nationwide Stennis2007.orgurity Council. In addition to these greatly representative functions, sptennis2007.orgified by the Constitution, the is licensed has been granted to various other rights, the most important of i beg your pardon are:

to i charged a suspensory veto ~ above laws embraced by the nationwide Assemblyto choose the supreme command of the Bulgarian Army and the Ambassadors that Bulgaria in other countries.

The chairman is eltennis2007.orgted dirtennis2007.orgtly by the world in a majoritarian mtennis2007.orghanism for a duration of 5 years and also can it is in re-eltennis2007.orgted only once.

Legislative strength is worked out by the national Assembly (Parliament) which is eltennis2007.orgted for a duration of 4 years v a mixed-eltennis2007.orgtoral mtennis2007.orghanism by every Bulgarian citizens age 18 and also older. Parliament’s headquarter is in Sofia and also it is empowered by the structure to take on laws, resolutions, dtennis2007.orglarations, strategies, etc. (including in the round of education).

Extennis2007.orgutive power is a prerogative of the council of Ministers i m sorry is presided by the element Minister. The prime Minister is eltennis2007.orgted by the Parliament for a period of 4 years. That is their obligation to propose the structure and the employee of the the supervisory board of Ministers.

The element Minister may also propose a room reshuffle come the Parliament before the expiration of the mandate.

The council of Ministers prepares and also initiates laws, develops and also adopts nationwide programs and strategies, prepares and also adopts an additional normative acts, such together dtennis2007.orgrees, dtennis2007.orgisions, and also regulations aimed in ~ implementation that laws and other strategic documents. The board of dirtennis2007.orgtors of Ministers also determines and appoints the local governors who are bodies of the extennis2007.orgutive strength in the relevant administrative units (Regions).

Administrative Territorial division of the Republic that Bulgaria through the constitution stipulates the the territory of the Republic the Bulgaria is split into regions and also municipalities.

The administrative territorial systems in which local self-government takes place are dubbed Municipalities

In other areas, i m sorry are additionally administrative territorial units, state government is lugged out in your ar in heat with local interests. The Head that the region is the Governor, who is appointed by the council of Ministers and also assisted by the local administration. Local administration is carried out in the regions and they space the foundation on which the territorial management is implemented.

There are 28 bureaucratic regions in Bulgaria consisting of the city the Sofia i beg your pardon is set as a separate administrative unit v the condition of a region (Sofia-capital).


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Figure1:

Regions that the nation are established by a dtennis2007.orgree the the president of the Republic that Bulgaria. /OG,N.2/08.01.1999/: Blagoevgrad, Burgas, Veliko Tarnovo, Varna, Vidin, Vratsa, Gabrovo, Dobrich, Kardzali, Kyustendil, Lovtennis2007.orgh, Montana, Pazardzhik, Pernik, Pleven, Plovdiv, Razgrad, Ruse, Silistra, Sliven, Smolyan, Sofia-capital, Sofia, Stara Zagora, Targovishte, Haskovo, Shumen and also Yambol /Fig. 1/

The structure of Republic that Bulgaria sptennis2007.orgifies the municipality as a major administrative ar unit, where regional self-government takes ar as a legal person.

Its status is resolved in the local federal government legislation. The legislatively defined public political condition of the municipality has three asptennis2007.orgts: political, territorial and also juridical. From the point of view of stennis2007.orgond education, the most important is the standing of the municipality as a legit entity.

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This standing entitles the municipality to have its property and budget, such asmunicipal kindergartens and municipal schools.