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Árgos, city, seat of the dímos (municipality) of Argos-Mykínes in the northeastern percentage of the periféreia (region) of Peloponnese (Modern Greek: Pelopónnisos), Greece. It lies just north of the head of the Gulf of Argolís (Argolikós Kólpos).


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The name Árgos apparently signified an agricultural ordinary and was used to a number of districts in ancient Greece. Historically, the Argolís was the easternmany percent of the Peloponnesian peninsula, and the city of Árgos was its resources. Agamemnon, Diomedes, and also other heroes from Argolís’s productive ordinary number prominently in the Iliad of Homer. The current city of Árgos lies around 4 miles (6.5 km) from the gulf listed below Kástro hill (prehistoric Lárissa), a website probably populated because the Early Bronze Era and also very influential in Mycenaean times (c. 1300–1200 bce). A small industry tvery own on the Corinth-Návplion rail line, it is developed over a lot of the website of the Classical city.

Árgos was most likely the base of Dorian operations in the Peloponnese (c. 1100–1000 bce), and from that time onward it was the leading city-state of Argolís. Under the Argive king Pheidon (7th century bce), Árgos was the leading city-state in all the Peloponnese until the climb of Spartan power. The Argives beat the Spartans at Hysiae (669). In 550 and aget in 494, however, Sparta defeated Árgos, which took no part in the Greco-Persian Wars. As Spartan power continued to grow, Árgos allied via Athens in 461 and also aacquire during the Peloponnesian War in 420, however, after the defeat of the Athenian League in 418 and an oligarchic rdevelopment in Árgos, the city allied itself via Sparta. Peace via Sparta was broken when Árgos joined federally through Corinth (392) as the Corinthian War began. Arprovide loyalty to Corinth quickly wavered, and also, as soon as Thebes revolted against Sparta (379), democrats took power in Árgos and participated in Theban victories over Sparta at Leuctra (371) and Mantineia (362).

Waning Theban power lugged renewed Spartan aggression that required the Aroffers to appeal to Philip II of Macedonia, that brought back to them their old province of Cynuria on the western side of the Gulf of Argolís. After a number of more attacks, principally Macedonian, right into its area, Árgos joined the Achaean League in 229, continuing to be energetic except throughout brief Spartan occupations of the city (225 and also 196).


The Roguy occupation and also the destruction of Corinth (146) raised the importance of Árgos, which ended up being the centre of the Achaean League. The city flourished in Byzantine times, yet once the Frankish principality of Achaea was established (1204 ce) after the 4th Crusade through Nauplia as its capital, Árgos consequently declined. In 1397 the Turks recorded Árgos, and again in 1500, massacring the inhabitants and also replacing them through Albanians. During the War of Greek Independence (1821–29), the initially complimentary Greek Parliament was convened at Árgos (1821 and 1829).

Archaeological excavations began on the site—just northeast of the current city, on a rocky spur of Mount Euboea (Évvoia) close to the damages of Mycenae (Mykínes)—in 1854, and also the Amerihave the right to School of Classical Studies at Athens (Athína) started excavations on the Arprovide Heraeum (Heraion) in 1892 and also 1895. The Heraeum had been the centre of the worship of the mother-goddess Hera and also the herbal sanctuary of the Argolís lengthy prior to the Dorians came (c. 1100–1000 bce).

After the Dorian intrusion a large holy place was set up on the Heraeum, more than likely in the late 7th century bce, but nothing survives of this other than the limestone platform and also a part of the column-sustaining pavement, or stylobate. The Greek geographer Pausanias records the burning of the temple (423 bce) through its priestess’s negligence. A more splendid holy place was begun by the local architect Eupolemus, designed in limerock with Doric columns. This temple was flanked by outstanding stoas, or colonnaded halls.

The French School at Athens performed miscellaneous excavations at Árgos before and after World War II, unextending the continues to be of a holy place of Apollo. On the reduced ground their researches unextended an additional temple site, and also the site of what was in all probcapability the Bouleuterion (council house) of the Greek city, city baths and a Heroon (hero-cult shrine) of Roman date, and a cemetery with tombs extfinishing from the middle Helladic duration (c. 2000–c. 1600 bce) to late Roman times.

In the at an early stage Classical duration, prominent Aroffer sculptors included Ageladas and also his student Polyclitus, who executed a colossal gold and cream color cult statue of Hera in the temple at the Heraeum, considering that lost—though some principle of the head might be acquired from specific Arprovide coins of this period. Today, Árgos is a thriving agricultural and commercial centre for vegetables and fruits grown in the ordinary and also for food-handling markets based upon them. Pop. (2001) 24,630; (2011) 22,209.

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This write-up was many freshly revised and also updated by Jeff Wallenfeldt, Manager, Geography and also History.