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When an item as a whole is separated into 2 parts, there aretwo possibilities. The parts might be same or unequal.

Each equal part of a whole is referred to as one-half. That is expressed together 1/2 and read together one over two or one top top two.

(i)


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If a colorful sheet of file istaken and also one edge is carried on to the opposite edge and also a folds is made inthe middle, climate this crease divides the paper of paper into two equal parts.Each part will it is in one half of the totality sheet.

(ii)


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The circle is likewise be separated into two fifty percent circles. Every of the two equal components is called fifty percent of the whole. Similarly, each of the 2 equal parts of a square is known as the half portion as a part of a whole.

2. Again if we take a paper which was earlier divided into twoequal parts by folding, it have the right to again be divided by a second fold in the middle.


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Thus, the paper is separated intofour equal parts. Each equal component is dubbed one-fourth or a 4 minutes 1 of thewhole sheet. Thus, any whole deserve to be separated into four equal parts and each partis one-fourth or a 4 minutes 1 of the whole. It is expressed together 1/4 and read as oneover 4 or one upon four.

If we take into consideration two components of thefour equal components of a entirety it will stand for 2/4 or 2 fourths, i.e. Twoone-fourth or half.

If we consider three parts of thefour equal parts of a whole, it will represent 3/4 or three-fourths or threequarters. It is likewise read as 3 upon four.

3. If a paper is split into 3 equal parts, climate each component iscalled one-third of the entirety sheet.


Thus, among the three equal parts of awhole is called one-third of it and also expressed together 1/3, i beg your pardon is composed asone-third or one top top three.

See the photos shows three equal components of a sheet.  


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Similarly, if a one is dividedinto three equal parts, each part is called one-third the the whole circle. Onethird is stood for by 1/3 or, one upon 3 or, one three.

See the pictures shows three equal components of a circle.  


4. How deserve to we fairly share one apple in between two children? exactly how much will certainly each boy get? allow us reduced the apple in three various ways.


Now, let united state compare the shaded parts which the unsheded components in every picture. In snapshot (i) the shaded part is smaller than the unshaded part. In picture (ii) the shaded part is larger than the unshaded part. In p(iii) shaded and unshaded components are equal. We say that apple is split into same halves. One component is called one-half.

There room two halves in a whole. Each half is written as \(\frac12\). That is check out as one by two. 

5. 1/2, 1/3, 2/4, 2/3, 3/4, ……… , etc., are called fractions orfractional numbers.

1/5, 2/5, 3/5, 4/5, 5/5, 1/6, 2/6,3/6, 4/6, 5/6, ………… etc., are additionally fractions. Any part or part of a totality oneis well-known as a fraction. A portion is expressed by 2 numbers having a smallhorizontal line in between them.

The number over the tiny line iscalled the numerator or top number and the number below thesmall line is dubbed denominator or bottom number.

As, in 4/5, whereby 4 is the numerator and also 5 is the denominator

\<\frac4  \colorRed \rightarrow   Numerator5  \colorRed \rightarrow   Denominator\>

We say one whole is divide right into 5equal components from i beg your pardon if 4 parts are taken, it may be expressed as 4/5 whichis a fractional number or fraction.

The above explanation will help us to understand just how the fractionas a component of a whole number.

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