There are three key ways of asking concerns in Spanish:by making your voice walk up at the finish of the sentenceby changing normal word orderby making use of a concern word
TipDon’t forget the opening question note in Spanish. The goes at the beginning of the concern or of the question component of the sentence.
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|¿No quieres tomar algo?||Wouldn’t you favor something to eat or drink?|
|Eres inglés, ¿verdad?||You’re English, aren’t you?|
1 asking a concern by making her voice go up
If you are expecting the answer correct or no, there is a very simple way of questioning a question. You save the word order precisely as it would certainly be in a normal sentence yet you rotate it into a question by making her voice walk up in ~ the end.
|¿Hablas español?||Do you speak Spanish?|
|¿Es profesor?||Is the a teacher?|
|¿Hay leche?||Is there any type of milk?|
|¿Te gusta la música?||Do you choose music?|
When the subject (the person or point doing the action) that the verb is a noun, pronoun or surname it have the right to be given prior to the verb, simply as in an plain sentence. Yet you rotate the statement into a concern by making your voice walk up at the end.
|¿Tu hermana ha comprado pan?||Did her sister buy any bread?|
|¿Tú lo has hecho?||Did you execute it?|
|¿Tu padre car ha visto?||Did your father watch you?|
|¿El diccionario está aquí?||Is the thesaurus here?|
2 asking a concern by an altering word order
When the subject of the verb is specified, an additional even more common means of asking concerns is to adjust the indigenous order so that the verb comes prior to the subject rather of after it.
|¿Lo has hecho tú?||Did you perform it?|
|¿Te ha visto tu padre?||Did your father view you?|
|¿Está el deccionario aquí?||Is the dictionary here?|
Note the the position of object pronoun is no affected.
tennis2007.org Extra!If the verb has an object, such as any kind of bread in Did her sister buy any bread?, the subject usually come AFTER the object, noted the object is short.
|¿Ha compado pan tu hermana?||Did your sister buy any bread?|
|¿Vio la película tu novio?||Did her boyfriend check out the film?|
If the object is comprised of several words, the topic goes before it.
|Se han comprado tus padres aquella casa de que me hablaste?||Have her parents to buy that residence you said me about?|
When there is an adverbial phrase (to the party, in Barcelona) after the verb, the subject have the right to go prior to OR after ~ the adverbial phrase.
|¿Viene a la fiesta Andrés? or¿Viene Andrés a la fiesta?||Is Andrés coming to the party?|
3 questioning a inquiry by making use of a inquiry word
Question words are words choose when, what, who, which, where and also how the are offered to ask because that information. In Spanish, all inquiry words have actually an interval on them.
|¿adónde?||where ... To?|
|¿para qué?||what for?|
|¿Cuándo se fue?||When did the go?|
|¿Qué te pasa?||What’s the matter?|
|¿Qué chaqueta car vas a poner?||Which jacket space you going to wear?|
|¿Cuál de los dos quieres?||Which execute you want?|
|¿Cuánto azúcar quieres?||How much sugar do you want?|
|¿Cuánto tiempo llevas esperando?||How long have you to be waiting?|
When the question starts through a concern word the isn’t the topic of the verb, the noun or pronoun (if given) that is the topic of the verb walk AFTER it.
|¿De qué color es la moqueta?||What colour’s the carpet?|
|¿A qué hora comienza el concierto?||What time does the concert start?|
|¿Dónde están tus pantalones?||Where room your trousers?|
|¿Adónde iba tu padre?||Where was her father going?|
|¿Cómo están tus padres?||How are your parents?|
|¿Cuándo volverán ustedes?||When will certainly you come back?|
4 Which question word come use?
qué or cuál or cuáles have the right to be provided to mean which:always use qué before a noun
|¿Qué chaqueta car vas a poner?||Which jacket are you going to wear?|
otherwise use cuál (singular) or cuáles (plural)
|¿Cuál quieres?||Which (one) perform you want?|
|¿Cuáles quieres?||Which (ones) perform you want?|
quién or quiénes deserve to be supplied to average who:use quién once asking about one person
use quiénes when asking about an ext than one person
|¿Quiénes estaban?||Who to be there?|
Note the you need to put the personal a prior to quién and quiénes once it acts as an object.
|¿A quién viste?||Who did friend see?|
de quién or de quiénes deserve to be provided to average whose:use de quién once there is likely to be one owner
|¿De quién es este abrigo?||Whose coat is this?|
use de quiénes as soon as there is likely to be much more than one owner
|¿De quiénes kid estos abrigos?||Whose coats room these?|
Note that the framework in Spanish is the equivalent of whose is this coat?/Whose space these coats? Don’t shot putting ¿de quién? or ¿de quiénes? automatically before a noun.qué, cómo, cuál and cuáles deserve to all be provided to mean what back qué is the most typical translation:use cómo or qué once asking who to repeat something that you didn’t hear properly
|¿Cómo or Qué (has dicho)?||What (did girlfriend say)?|
use ¿cuál es ... ? and ¿cuáles son ... ? to average what is ... ? and what/are ... ? when you aren’t questioning for a definition
|¿Cuál es la funding de Francia?||What’s the resources of France?|
|¿Cuál es su número de teléfono?||What’s his phone call number?|
use ¿qué es ... ? and ¿qué kid ... ? to average what is ... ? and also what space ... ? as soon as you room asking because that a definition
|¿Qué boy los genes?||What room genes?|
always use qué to mean what before an additional noun
|¿Qué hora es?||What time is it?|
|¿Qué asignaturas estudias?||What subjects are you studying?|
TipYou can finish an English inquiry (or sentence) through a preposition such as about, for example, that did you create to?; What space you talking about? You have the right to NEVER finish a Spanish concern or sentence with a preposition.
|¿Con quién hablaste?||Who did friend speak to?|
tennis2007.org Extra!All the concerns we have looked at so much have been right questions, otherwise well-known as straight questions. However, sometimes rather of asking directly, for example, where is it? or Why walk you do it?, us ask the question in a more roundabout way, because that example, can you phone call me wherein it is? or please tell me why you did it. This are dubbed indirect questions.In indirect concerns in English we say wherein it is rather of whereby is it and why friend did it rather of why go you execute it, however in Spanish you still put the topic AFTER the verb.
|¿Sabes adónde iba tu padre?||Do you understand where your father to be going?|
|¿Puedes decirme para qué sirven los diccionarios?||Can girlfriend tell me what dictionaries space for?|
The subject likewise goes after the verb in Spanish once you report a inquiry in indirect speech.
|Quería saber adónde iba mi padre.||He want to understand where my father was going.|
Note that you still placed accents on inquiry words in Spanish even when they space in indirect and also reported concerns or when they come after expression of uncertainty:
|No sé qué hacer.||I don’t know what come do.|
|No sabemos por qué se fue.||We don’t understand why the left.|
5 an adverse questions
When you desire to make a negative question, put no prior to the verb in the same way that you perform in explanation (non-questions).
|¿No vienes?||Aren’t friend coming?|
|¿No lo has actually visto?||Didn’t you view it?|
You can also use o no in ~ the end of a inquiry in the same way that we can ask or not in English.
|¿Vienes o no?||Are you comes or not?|
|¿Lo quieres o no?||Do you want it or not?|
6 brief questions
In English us sometimes inspect whether ours facts and also beliefs space correct by putting isn’t it?, don’t they?, room they? and so on at the finish of a comment. In Spanish, friend can add ¿verdad? in the exact same way.
|Hace calor, ¿verdad?||It’s hot, no it?|
|Te gusta, ¿verdad?||You choose it, don’t you?|
|No car olvidarás, ¿verdad?||You won’t forget, will you?|
|No vino, ¿verdad?||He no come, go he?|
You can also use ¿no?, especially after confident comments.
|Hace calor, ¿no?||It’s hot, isn’t it?|
|Te gusta, ¿no?||You choose it, don’t you?|
7 comment questions
To answer a concern which calls for a yes or no answer, simply use sí or no.
|¿Te gusta? – Sí/No.||Do you prefer it? – Yes, i do/No, i don’t.|
|¿Está aquí? – Sí/No.||Is that here? – correct he is/No, that isn’t.|
|¿Tienes prisa? – Sí/No.||Are friend in a hurry? – Yes, ns am/No, i’m not.|
|No lo has hecho, ¿verdad? – Sí/No.||You haven’t done it, have you? – Yes, ns have/No, ns haven’t.|
You can additionally often prize sí or no adhered to by the verb in question. In negative answers this may mean the you speak no twice.
Key pointsYou asking a inquiry in Spanish by making your voice walk up at the finish of the sentence, by an altering normal native order, and also by using question words.Question words always have an accent on them.To do a an unfavorable question, add no prior to the verb.You can add ¿verdad? to examine whether her facts or ideas are correct.