Presentation top top theme: "How perform we “classify” living organisms.  Classification: the methodical grouping the organisms based on common qualities  Taxonomy: the science."— Presentation transcript:




You are watching: The grouping of organisms based on their

1 exactly how do we “classify” living organisms

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2  Classification: the organized grouping of organisms based upon common features  Taxonomy: the science of identifying, classifying, and naming living things

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3  A. Aristotle’s system  Classified together either tree or pets  climate further divided things on even if it is or not they flew, swam, or walked on floor

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4  B. Linnaeus system of Binomial Nomenclature  Binomial nomenclature: ◦ contemporary classification device which supplies a 2-word naming system  Was based on physical and also structural similarities  first word to represent the genus that a species  2 nd word to represent the certain epithet  Genus + certain epithet = types name

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5  B. Linnaeus mechanism of Binomial Nomenclature  Example: ◦ humankind  “Homo” = genus  “sapiens” = particular epithet ◦ Genus will constantly start with a capital letter ◦ S.E. Will constantly be small letter ◦ Should always be created in italics

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6  C. Scientific vs. Typical Names  animals often have usual names ◦ typical names can frequently be misleading  Taxonomists usage Latin because the language is “universal” and also doesn’t adjust

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7  A. Taxonomy: A structure  Taxonomy shows evolutionary relationship in the specify name of biology  It also provides a frame in i m sorry to research relationships among living and also extinct types

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8  B. Taxonomy: A beneficial Tool  using structural and physical qualities to recognize an biology  Dichotomous keys: assist you determine the varieties name by looking at given qualities

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9  A. Taxonomic Rankings  Taxon: a group of biology (plural = taxa)  there are just 8 taxa to remember ◦ “DKPCOFGS”  Domain (most broad)  Kingdom  Phylum  class  stimulate  family  Genus  species (most specific)

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10  B. The larger Taxa  OCPKD  distinct note, plant taxonomists use the taxa “Division” fairly than “Phylum”  So because that plants, it would certainly be ◦ DKDCOFGS

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12 Domain Kingdom Phylum class Order household Genus species Eukarya Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Lynx rufus Lynx canadensis Bobcat Lynx

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13  Pg. 9-17 ◦ #26-53  Pg. 45-46 ◦ #1-10  Pg. 99-100 ◦ #1-14

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14  In NC Coach Manual, finish the complying with on a clean sheet of paper. Turn in before you leave.

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◦ Pg # 153  1-4 ◦ Pg. # 155-156  1-3

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