Nicaragua is the largest nation in main America and is slightly bigger in area than brand-new York State.

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OFFICIAL NAME: Republic that Nicaragua form OF GOVERNMENT: Republic CAPITAL: ManaguaPOPULATION: 6,085,213OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Spanish, English, native languages MONEY: gold cordobaAREA: 49,998 square miles (129,494 square kilometers)

Nicaragua is the largest nation in central America and is slightly bigger in area than brand-new York State. The nation is bordered by Honduras come the north and also Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean provides the border come the west, and also the east border the the country is top top the Caribbean Sea.

Nicaragua has suffered tragedies due to hurricanes, earthquakes, and volcanic activity. Nicaraguans have the right to use the vapor from the depth of the volcanoes as geothermal energy.

Most people live in the west Pacific lowland an ar between the Pacific coast and also Lake Managua. Follow me the eastern coast, the area dubbed the Mosquito coastline receives the most yearly rainfall in main America: 100 to 250 customs (2,540 come 6,350 millimeters).

Map developed by National geographical Maps

The local people call us Nicas, yet most outsiders refer the people as Nicaraguans.

Most human being are mestizos, or natives and Spanish combined. The British carried black slaves to Nicaragua to work-related on plantations in the 17th century. Plenty of Nicaraguans room descendants the the slaves.

Lake Managua is the just freshwater lake where sharks live. Bull sharks enter the lake by traveling up the Rio mountain Juan flow from the Atlantic Ocean. The sharks have the right to adapt to new water, yet they are now rarely discovered in the lake.

Many exotic animals are discovered in Nicaragua, such as toucans, boa constrictors, monkeys, wild boars, jaguars, and also sloths. Manatees and sea turtles swimming in the Cayos Miskitos organic Reserve in coral reefs off the remote islands the the Caribbean coast.

There are over 70 protected areas in the country, which assist preserve the habitats of many endangered species. The Bosawas Biosphere Reserves has a cloud forest that protects 12 type of poison snakes.

The greatest threats to the atmosphere in Nicaragua space deforestation, soil erosion, and also water pollution.

Daniel Ortega was chosen in 2006 together the president of Nicaragua. The president and vice chairman are chosen on the exact same ticket by popular vote because that a five-year term.

Nicaragua is the poorest country in central America, and has prevalent underemployment and also poverty.

Their main crops are coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, and also sesame.

The earliest inhabitants were more than likely related to the Maya and Aztec world of Mexico. One of the largest teams of early human being was the Nicarao.

Spain rule Nicaragua and also many countries in central and south America throughout the 16th century until the at an early stage 19th century.

Nicaragua acquired its independence from Spain in 1821 and also became component of the Mexican empire for number of years. Climate it joined a team of nearby countries through a central government in Guatemala City dubbed Provinces of main America. Nicaragua separation from the team in 1838 and also became fully independent.

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For the past several decades, Nicaraguans have endured unrest, dictatorship, and two civil wars.