Author: Alexandra Sieroslawska MD•Reviewer: Dimitrios Mytilinaios MD, PhDLast reviewed: September 08, 2021Reading time: 5 minutes

The larynx is the many exceptional part of the respiratory tract in the neck and the voice box of the humale body.

You are watching: Name the specific cartilages in the larynx

It surrounds and also protects the vocal chords, and also the entrance to the trachea, staying clear of food pposts or fluids from entering the lungs. The cartileras of the larynx comprise its skeleton. Of the nine cartilages all together, three of them are paired and bilaterally symmetrical, while 3 remajor unpaired and also especially inserted for accurate attribute.

This post will highlight each cartilage and its a lot of pertinent facts, so the reader can obtain insight right into this complicated and detailed anatomical marvel.


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Thyroid cartilage


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This is the largest of the laryngeal cartilages and also it is made of two smooth laminae of which the 2 reduced thirds fusage in the midline, while the many premium 3rd remains unfused and creates the laryngeal notch.

The thyroid cartilage is the one that provides the renowned Adam’s apple as a result of the laryngeal prominence that is made bereason of the fused laminae. The cartilaginous remarkable and inferior horns are developed by the projections of the posterior remarkable and inferior borders of the cartilage respectively. The thyrohyoid membrane connects the whole premium element of the cartilage to the hyoid bone.

Epiglottic cartilage

The epiglottic cartilage which is likewise recognized as the epiglottis , or sindicate the glottis, is an elastic cartilage which looks favor a leaf. When oral contents are swenabled, it features by cshedding over the laryngeal inlet.

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Epiglottis: cadaveric image. When open, epiglottis provides the top respiratory airmethods patent.

It is located in between the hyoid bone and also the dorsal part of the tongue anteriorly and the laryngeal inlet posteriorly, while the remarkable reminder is left standing free. The base of the epiglottis is, yet, fastened to the thyroid laminae in the midline via the thyroepiglottic ligament. Several membranes run bilaterally in between the arytenoid cartilperiods and the epiglottic cartilperiods and also are quadrangular in shape, so their free corners along with the spanning mucosa develop the aryepiglottic fold.

Want a quick and also reliable method to learn the cartileras of the larynx? Quiz questions are the trick to your success.

Cricoid cartilage

This cartilage is shaped favor a signet ring, through the signet-shaped lamina dealing with posteriorly. It is a finish circle of cartilage and is attached superiorly using the median cricothyroid ligament to the inferior facet of the thyroid cartilage.


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The cricotracheal ligament likewise attaches it to the trachea inferiorly. Its stamina and also thickness are necessary for holding the top and reduced respiratory tracts together.

Arytenoid cartilages


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The arytenoid cartilperiods are the only major cartileras to be paired, since the corniculate and picture writing cartilperiods are checked out to be minor cartilperiods. They are pyramidal in form and also have actually three encounters.

The cricoid lamina articulates through these cartilperiods on its lateral superior facet. The 3 processes of a solitary arytenoid cartilage encompass the apex which is most exceptional, which balances the corniculate cartilage and also attaches to the aryepiglottic fold. Also, the vocal process which sits anteriorly and is the posterior attachment of a vocal cord. Finally, the muscular process, which sits laterally and also holds the posterior and also lateral insertions of the transverse arytenoid, posterior and also lateral cricoarytenoid muscles.

Corniculate and picture writing cartilages

These minor paired elastic cartilages are viewed as nodules in the posterior aryepiglottic folds. The corniculate cartilperiods connect themselves to the apex of the arytenoid cartilperiods where the aryepiglottic fold inserts and that is just how the nodule-shape in the fold is made.

The picture writing cartileras do not attach themselves to any kind of various other cartilages, simply muscles and also ligaments.


Summary

The cartilperiods of the larynx comprise its skeleton. Of the nine cartilages all together, 3 of them are paired and also bilaterally symmetrical, while 3 remajor unpaired and also especially put for accurate function.

The main cartilages of the larynx are: 

the thyroid cartilage,the epiglottic cartilage,the cricoid cartilage,the arytenoid cartileras andthe corniculate and also cuneiform cartilages

Sources

References:

Frank H. Netter, MD, Atlas of Human Anatomy, 5th Edition, Saunders - Elsevier, Chapter 1 Head and also Neck, Subchapter 8 Thyroid Gland also and also Larynx, Page 43 to 44.Rishi Vashishta. Larynx Anatomy. Medscape. June 21, 2013Neil S. Norton, Ph.D. and Frank H. Netter, MD, Netter’s Head and also Neck Anatomy for Dentistry, second Edition, Elsevier Saunders, Chapter 16 The Larynx, Page 420 to 435.Frank H. Netter, Atlas der Anatomie, fifth Edition (Bilingual Edition: English and also German), Saunders, Kapitel 1, Tafel 77 to 80.

Illustrators:

Larynx (lateral view) - Begoña RodriguezThe thyroid cartilage - Irina MünstermannEpiglottic cartilage - Yousunlight Koh Cricoid cartilage - Irina MünstermannArytenoid cartilage - Yousunlight KohCorniculate cartilage - Yousun KohLarynx and also epiglottis (cadaveric dissection) - Prof. Carlos Suárez-Quian

Cartilages of the larynx: desire to learn more around it?

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