L>Student source Glossary
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acetabulum The large circular cavity in each side the the pelvis that articulates v the head of the femur to type the i know well joint, additionally known as the i know well socket.
allogenic Originating within another.
ankylosing spondylitis A type of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily causes inflammation the the joints in between the vertebrae.
arthrodesis The surgical combination of 2 bones to stiffen a joint, such as an ankle, elbow, or shoulder.
arthrolysis The operation loosening of one ankylosed joint.
arthroscopy The visual examination of the inner structure that a joint.
autologous Originating within an individual.
chondroma A slow-growing benign tumor acquired from cartilage cells.
chondromalacia The abnormal softening that cartilage.
comminuted fracture One in i m sorry the bone is splintered or crushed.
compression fracture A broken bone the occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself.
costochondritis an inflammation that the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum.
craniostenosis A malformation of the skull as result of the premature closure of the cranial sutures.
crepitation The lattice sound heard once the ends of a broken bone relocate together.
dual x-ray absorptiometry Low-exposure radiographic measurement of the spine and also hips to measure bone density.
fibrous dysplasia A bone disorder that unknown reason that destroys regular bone structure and also replaces it v fibrous (scarlike) tissue.
hallux valgus an abnormal enlargement the the share at the base of the great toe, additionally known as a bunion.
hemarthrosis Blood within a joint.
hemopoietic Pertaining come the development of blood cells.
internal fixation A fracture treatment in i beg your pardon a plate or pins space placed directly into the bone to host the damaged pieces in place.
youth rheumatoid arthritis an autoimmune disorder that affects kids ages 16 years or much less with symptom that encompass stiffness, pain, share swelling, skin rash, fever, slowed growth, and fatigue.
kyphosis an abnormal rise in the outside curvature that the thoracic spine as viewed from the side.
laminectomy The surgical removal the a lamina or posterior part of a vertebra.
lordosis an abnormal rise in the front curvature that the lumbar spine.
lumbago pains of the lumbar an ar of the spine, additionally known together low ago pain.
malleolus A rounded bony projection on the tibia and also fibula ~ above the political parties of each ankle joint.
manubrium The bony framework that develops the upper section of the sternum.
metacarpals The 5 bones that form the palms that the hand.
metatarsals type that component of the foot come which the toes space attached.
myeloma A type of cancer the occurs in blood-making cells uncovered in the red bone marrow.
open up fracture A rest in i m sorry the bone is broken and there is an open wound in the skin.
orthopedic operated doctor A medical professional who specialization in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders entailing the bones, joints, and muscles.
orthotic A mechanical appliance, such as a foot brace or a splint, that is particularly designed to control, correct, or compensate because that impaired body function.
osteitis an inflammation that a bone.
osteoarthritis The type of arthritis that is many commonly connected with aging.
osteochondroma A light bony projection covered through cartilage.
osteoclasis The surgical fracture the a bone to exactly a deformity.
osteomalacia Abnormal softening of bones in adults.
osteomyelitis an inflammation of the bone marrow and nearby bone.
osteonecrosis The death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply.
osteopenia thinner than- median bone density.
osteoporosis A significant loss that bone thickness and an increase in bone porosity the is frequently connected with aging.
osteoporotic i know well fracture Usually brought about by weakening of the bones because of osteoporosis and can happen either spontaneously or as the an outcome of a fall.
osteorrhaphy The operation suturing, or wiring together, that bones.
Paget’s disease A bone disease of unknown reason characterized by the excessive failure of bone tissue, adhered to by abnormal bone formation.
pathologic fracture Occurs once a weakened bone breaks under normal strain.
percutaneous vertebroplasty Performed to treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures.
periostitis one inflammation that the periosteum.
podiatrist specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the foot.
prosthesis A substitute for a hurt or lacking body part, such together a foot that has been amputated.
rheumatoid arthritis A chronic autoimmune disorder in i beg your pardon the joints and also some organs of other body systems space attacked.
rickets A deficiency condition occurring in children.
scoliosis one abnormal lateral (sideways) curvature of the spine.
spina bifida A congenital defect the occurs during early pregnancy once the spinal canal falls short to close fully around the spinal cord to defend it.
spiral fracture A fracture in which the bone has actually been twisted apart.
spondylolisthesis The front slipping motion of the human body of one of the reduced lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum listed below it.
spondylosis A degenerative disorder the can cause the ns of normal spinal structure and function.
subluxation The partial displacement the a bone native its joint.
synovectomy The surgical removal the a synovial membrane indigenous a joint.

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vertebrae The boney structure units of the spinal column.