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Chapter 9 – necessary Compounds that Oxygen
9.1 arrival to Compounds that Contain Oxygen
9.2 Alcohols and PhenolsClassification of AlcoholsProperties the AlcoholsGlycolsPhenols
9.3 EthersProperties the Ethers
9.4 Aldehydes and also KetonesProperties of Aldehydes and KetonesAldehydesKetonesBoiling Points and also SolubilityAldehydes and also Ketones in Nature
9.5 Carboxylic Acids and also EstersProperties that Carboxylic Acids and also EstersCarboxylic AcidsEstersBoiling Points, melt Points and SolubilityCommonly provided Carboxylic Acids and also Esters
9.6 reactions of Oxygen-Containing CompoundsAlcoholsDehydration (Elimination) ReactionsOxidation ReactionsAldehydes and KetonesOxidation ReactionsReduction ReactionsAddition Reactions through Alcohols (Hemiacetals and also Hemiketals)Reactions that type Acetals or KetalsCarboxylic Acids
The acidity of Carboxylic AcidsCarboxylic Acids and the formation of SaltsFormation of Esters from Carboxylic Acids and also AlcoholsHydrolysis the Esters
9.7 chapter Summary
Photo By: A. Savin
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9.1 development to Compounds the Contain Oxygen
In this thing you will certainly be introduced to the significant organic functional teams that save on computer oxygen. This contains alcohols, phenols, ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and also esters. Number 9.1 gives the an easy organic functional teams for this compounds and also the IUPAC suffix the is supplied to name these compounds. When you will not have to formally name complete structures, girlfriend should be able to identify practical groups consisted of within compounds based on their IUPAC names. Because that example, one alcohol is an organic compound v a hydroxyl (-OH) functional group on an aliphatic carbon atom. Because -OH is the functional group of every alcohols, we often represent alcohols by the basic formula ROH, whereby R is an alkyl group. The IUPAC nomenclature guidelines use the suffix ‘-ol’ come denote an easy compounds that contain alcohols. An example is ethanol (CH3CH2OH).
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Figure 9.1 common Organic Functional teams that save on computer Oxygen. The IUPAC suffixes supplied in naming basic organic molecules are noted in the chart
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9.2 Alcohols and also PhenolsClassification that Alcohols
Some that the properties and also reactivity the alcohols depend on the number of carbon atoms attached to the certain carbon atom that is attached come the -OH group. Alcohols have the right to be grouped right into three great on this basis.
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Properties that Alcohols
Alcohols have the right to be taken into consideration derivatives the water (H2O; additionally written together HOH).