In the Time of the Butterflies Outline In In the Time of the Butterflies, Dedé, the last surviving Mirabal sister, frames the story of just how her sisters became heroes in the Dominideserve to Republic throughout the dictatorial power of Rafael Trujillo.

You are watching: In the time of the butterflies spark notes

Mate and Minerva Mirabal learn of Trujillo’s brutality and also sign up with the resistance activity to overthrow him. Mate and also Minerva marry revolutionaries. Patria joins the activity after witnessing a massacre.Mate, Minerva, and also Patria travel to a prichild where 2 of their husbands have been detained. They are brutally murdered on the method earlier from the prikid.Today, the Mirabal sisters are recognized as “the butterflies.”
Downfill PDF

Print Page Citation Share Link
Last Updated on May 21, 2020, by Editorial. Word Count: 1404

Based on true events, In The Time of the Butterflies by Julia Alvarez centers roughly the lives of the Mirabal sisters throughout Rafael’s Trujillo’s dictatorship in the Dominideserve to Republic. Each chapter of the novel is narrated from the perspective of among the 4 sisters—Dedé, Patria, Minerva, and María Teresa. While Dedé’s chapters are mostly told in the third perchild, the various other three sisters’ chapters usage first-person narration.


Download In the Time of the Butterflies Study Guide

Subscribe Now

Part 1

The first chapter introduces Dedé, the sole making it through sister of the Mirabal girls. In the present (1994), Dedé mirrors a portrait of her family members from her youth to a woguy who is interviewing her around her family’s background. After Dedé mirrors upon memories of her childhood, the story shifts to Minerva’s perspective.

Throughout adolescence, Minerva and her sister Patria attend a convent institution, Inmaculada Concepción; their younger sister María Teresa also atoften tends the institution in the future. Soon after getting here, Minerva becomes friends with one more young student named Sinita, that shares that all of the guys in her family members were eliminated by Trujillo’s regimen. Minerva therefore becomes mindful of Trujillo’s ethically dubious rise to power. A few years later, Minerva and also several various other students from the convent percreate a skit for Trujillo himself.

At the same time, María Teresa (“Mate”)—the youngest of the Mirabal sisters—observes Minerva’s significantly antagonistic views in the direction of Trujillo, which she documents in a collection of excerpts from her diary. Patria, the eldest and the majority of religious of the 4 sisters and the next narrator, leaves the convent after she becomes romantically associated through Pedrito González; they marry 3 days before her seventeenth birthday, and Patria soon provides birth to a kid, Nelson, adhered to by a daughter, Noris, 2 years later. When her third baby is stillborn, yet, she starts to question her confidence in God.

Part 2

Dedé tells the interviewer about Virgilio Morales (“Lío”), a close frifinish of the Mirabal sisters who goes right into exile after the newsfiles expose him as a prominent member of a Communist company. Minerva, who becomes specifically close to Lío, discovers that her father has been hiding Lío’s letters to her, and also a rift develops in Minerva’s partnership through her father.

Additional on, Minerva and also her household attend a Discovery Day party at one of Trujillo’s mansions. While there, Minerva meets Trujillo and also is forced to dance with him. She mentions her plans to go to legislation school, to which he replies that woguys don’t belong at universities. Soon after, he provides incorrect advances towards Minerva, and she slaps him. Fortunately, she maneras to escape through her family; but, because leaving a gathering prior to Trujillo—currently referred to as “El Jefe”—is against the regulation, their father, Don Enrique, is lugged to the royal residence for questioning the adhering to day.

Minerva and also her mom, Mercedes, drive to the resources, wright here Minerva is additionally taken in for questioning. At the National Police Headquarters, she meets Trujillo’s right-hand also guy, who asks her about Lío. Minerva admits that she knows him. After three weeks, Enrique, Mercedes, and Minerva are taken to meet through Trujillo; luckily, he releases them.

María Teresa, who is currently eighteenager, writes in her diary just before Christmas in 1953 that Enrique has passed away. Several weeks after the funeral, Minerva retransforms to legislation college in Jarabacoa, wright here she drops in love with and also marries a male named Manolo. After Mate graduates from the convent, she decides to relocate to Jarabacoa to attfinish the university too. Minerva offers birth to her first kid, Minou, and graduates from law institution, but she soon learns that, though Trujillo allowed her to go to legislation college, he has forbidden her from practicing legislation.

Later, while living through Minerva and Manolo, Mate receives a package from a guy called “Palomino.” She opens up it to discover guns inside and realizes that they are component of an underground rebellion to overthrow Trujillo’s program. She quickly drops in love with Palomino—whose actual name is Leandro—and also they marry on February 14, 1958.

In 1959, Patria, living in Ojo de Agua, unexpectedly becomes pregnant with her fourth boy. As El Jefe’s regimen grows more powerful, she grows pertained to for the security of her teenage son, Nelchild, and also decides to sfinish him to a seminary. Later, while Patria is attending a spiritual retreat, El Jefe’s forces attack the area, bombing the church and killing forty-nine males and boys in the bordering area. This disaster invigoprices Patria to sign up with the revolution, and also in turn, the underground company grows into the Fourteenth of June Movement. As component 2 of the novel concludes, the team prepares for a change against El Jefe’s regimen.

Part 3

In the existing, Minou hesitantly asks Dedé why she never before went with her sisters on the day they died. She admits that because her husband also, Jaimito, refoffered to obtain affiliated in the Fourteenth of June Movement, she felt obligated to obey him. She recalls the night as soon as the Servicio de Inteligencia Militar (SIM) guards damaged into María Teresa and Leandro’s apartment to arrest Leandro, and also the exploration the next day that the police had also arrested Pedrito, Nelson, and also Manolo. Not lengthy after, Minerva’s residence was ransacked, and she too was arrested, complied with by Mate.

Patria mirrors upon her grief in the time of the three months adhering to the arrests of her family members members. Later, her half-sister, Margarita, delivers her a letter from Mate, indeveloping Patria that she and also Minerva are alive but confined in a cell in La Victoria. While they are in prison, Padre Gabriel publicly speaks out against Trujillo, and also the regime weras war versus the Catholic Church with increasing aggression. Patria learns from Captain Peña, a SIM member, that Nelkid has actually been pardoned by El Jefe, in addition to most of the various other minors that have been imprisoned. At the time of Nelson’s release, Patria becomes cognizant of her family’s fame.

María Teresa, in excerpts from her diary, describes living in a tiny cell through sixteen various other female detainees. While Mate commonly experiences breakdowns and asthma as an outcome of the prichild environment, Minerva is an openly rebellious prisoner who staunchly proponents for the male political detainees also. In August 1960, Captain Peña commutes Minerva and also María Teresa’s five-year priboy sentences to residence arrest.

During their time in home arremainder, the sisters navigate Trujillo’s boosted erraticism in the challenge of international criticism, including uprisings and nightly killings of male prisoners. Minerva expresses her desire to return to her former life, and although the sisters have currently come to be icons of the revolution—referred to as “the butterflies”—she admits that her morale has been depleted. At the same time, threats from Trujillo toward the Mirabal sisters escalate, and they are warned not to go out in public.

On November 25, 1960, Minerva, María Teresa, and also Patria are taken by their driver, Rufino, to visit their husbands in prichild at Puerto Plata, where the males have been transferred. While driving over a steep hill pass, they encounter a storm. On the way earlier, the sisters encounter countless obstacles but inevitably decide to drive home in the dark.


Dedé relates the occasions of the night her sisters died in the first perchild. Throughout the trial, it is revealed that they, in addition to Rufino, were brutally murdered by a team of five guys. The guys ambumelted them on the road and also murdered them, then pumelted the car—through the dead bodies inside—off of a cliff. In the years complying with, the murderers were imprisoned and also released, Trujillo was assassinated, and Pedrito, Manolo, and Leandro were ultimately released from prison. Three years after the deaths of the Mirabal sisters, Manolo and also various other rebels were eliminated by generals, while Pedrito and also Leandro stepped away from politics and remarried.

See more: Darts Practice: How To Hit A Bullseye In Darts (And Hit What You Are Aiming At)

Dedé describes that both she and her mother elevated her sister’s children, till Mercedes’s death in 1980. After mirroring upon the prouncovered losses she has actually experienced over these years, Dedé athas a tendency an honorary event, wbelow she runs into Lío. When they converse, Lío points out how her sisters led the course for restructure the Dominihave the right to Republic to be a flourishing, steady, and also complimentary country in the years after Trujillo’s dictatorship. In depicting the lingering spirits of her parental fees and sisters, Dedé realizes her own power in delivering on her family’s heritage.