Saul and also David to be both amongst the an initial kings the the Jewish people. There are countless points of similarity in between them: both to be young guys from tiny villages; both to be anointed as majesties by the Prophet Samuel; and both were war heroes who rescued their civilization at time of distress.
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Yet what a tremendous difference between their fates! King Saul was killed in battle and did not merit to have actually his sons come to be kings after ~ him, whereas King David died peacefully, his descendants developed a glorious dynasty of kings and rulers, and also he received divine promise that the throne that kingship end the Jewish world will remain in the hands of his progeny for ever.
The Sages that Israel debated this difficult question already thousands of year ago, and many of them accounted for this through saying the King Saul was punished for his sins. However, King David also sinned! and the Bible, which shows partiality come no one, explains David\"s failures and also sins, just as it defines his greatness.
It appears that the root of the distinction in the fate of these two good men is in the various kinds of guilty they committed. King Saul was, in his exclusive life, a pure man; there are no scandalous stories around his family life, his relationships with women, or his spiritual observance. However, in his windy life, in his role as king, he surrendered to the opposite emotions: indecisiveness ~ above the one hand, and uncompromising stubbornness ~ above the other; compassion and a gallant gesture in the direction of an enemy (I Samuel, chapter 15) - as versus cruelty and also insensitivity in the direction of the suffering of his own world (Ibid., end of thing 22). Personal suspicion and also paranoia ended up being things that lived in the army, the administer institutions and also the state, which developed distortions in every the equipment of government (Ibid., chapters 23-26), and also were combined with an individual feelings that regret and also uncertainty.
David\"s sins, top top the various other hand, are private sins; they room his separation, personal, instance transgressions: in his relationships v women, and with his sons. On the public plane, however, David does no allow personal weaknesses come interfere v what is great for the people (see II Samuel 19:1-9). David\"s confession \"Against You, you alone, I have sinned, and also done evil in your sight\" (Psalms 51:6) is, come a good extent, true. As much as his actions as a leader space concerned, no blemish can be found.
It should be remembered the the Bible\"s test because that public, political activity is not its handy success. Saul\"s war versus Amalek to be a decisive event: from that allude on, Amalek ceased to it is in a politically far-reaching element. Still, the occasions of this war room counted among Saul\"s sins. On the various other hand, countless of David\"s wars do not bring around clear historic results, whereas one of his diplomatic tasks results in a unstable war (II Samuel chapter 10) - yet none of this is held versus him ~ above his record.
Does this indicate that individual transgressions space of lesser importance? not at all; one does get punished for such sins, and also punishment might sometimes it is in quite devastating (see Ibid., thing 12:7-14). But individual sins space measured, and punished, on the separation, personal, instance plane, when public sins, or publicly fulfillment of commandments, obtain their due reward on one historical airplane for generations.
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Thus, even after all of Saul\"s sins, the scriptures still calls the \"God\"s chosen one,\" nor does the forget David\"s transgressions (see I kings 15:5). However in the very final analysis, \"For David\"s sake go the mr his God give him a desk lamp in Jerusalem to set up his kid after him, and also to establish Jerusalem\" (Ibid., verse 4). Because that kingship is based upon the king\"s royalty, top top his capability to transcend his flaws, ~ above his follow in what is proper and necessary for the kingship. And for this, the receives a reward because that generations come come.