A simple method to know the six methods in i m sorry you deserve to say “what” in French.

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The native “what” is deceptively complex when you analyze it. It looks choose a simple one-to-one native translation, however the reality is the “what” is offered in many expressions that are interpreted using countless different words in other languages.

It’s tempting to just say “what” in French is quoi — and also it is, periodically — but the reality is you require to know a few other expressions in English.

(French speakers have actually the same trouble coming the other way, through the way. When they want to interpret a word like “quoi”, unexpectedly they realise there are so plenty of ways in which it have the right to be used!)

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Que

Using que has actually a basic rule that thumb: use que at the beginning of a sentence.

There is simply one typical kind of sentence that offers que standalone.

Note that que gets abbreviated v liaison if followed by a vowel.

See the following instances of as soon as to usage que come say “what” in French.

EnglishFrench
What perform you think (of it)?Qu‘en pensez-vous?
What perform you see?Que voyez-vous?
What do you want to eat?Que veux-tu manger?
Examples of “what” in French: Qu’est-ce que and also qu’est-ce qui

Quoi

The native quoi is very useful in French.

Here’s once you use it to say “what”:

Use quoi after ~ a preposition, favor à or deUse quoi ~ a verb or in ~ the finish of a sentence (which is much less formal/more colloquial grammar)Use quoi as an exclamation standalone.

See the following examples of when to usage quoi come say “what” in French.

EnglishFrench
What room you thinking about?À quoi pensez-vous?
What’s the about?De quoi s’agit-il?
I wonder what it’s make with.Je me demande avec quoi il est fait.

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What go that median then?Ça veux dire quoi alors?
He wants… what??Il veut… quoi??
What’s the time? (casual)C’est quoi l’heure?
What’s that thingamajig?C’est quoi ce truc-là?
What???Quoi???
Examples of “what” in French: Qu’est-ce que and qu’est-ce qui

As you have the right to see, quoi is quite useful! but remember, use que at the beginning.