Corn line – Pantherophis guttatus (Elaphe guttata)
Corn line are among the most famous of all pet snakes and for great reason. Their extremely variable and gorgeous colors and also patterns, lull of care and breeding, and also generally docile dispositions have earned corn snakes their rightful, premier ar in herpetoculture. The size of mature corn line is just right: big and hardy sufficient to accept continual handling, yet not huge enough to intimidate a novice or child. Basic to breed and also care for through an endless array of hereditary traits, corn snakes market something for the newest snakekeeper, however they also an obstacle those through years that experience.
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Corn line Availability
Corn snakes are readily available at pets shops, reptile expos, virtual reptile shops and also directly indigenous breeders. Back wild-caught specimens usually adapt together pets, captive-bred corn snakes are highly recommended because of the beautiful color and pattern form available; the higher likelihood of obtaining a healthy, parasite-free snake; and the details around age, history and parentage that may accompany them.
Photo Credit: bill Love
Blood red corn snake.
Corn line Size
Corn snakes flower at 8 come 12 customs long, and also most at some point reach 4 to 5.5 feet in length.
Corn snake Life Span
With appropriate care, a corn snake can live at least right into its last teens, and also it may well live into its 20s. Lock are frequently reproductive until 10 come 12 year of age and sometimes longer.
Corn snake Caging
Baby corn snakes can quickly live in a plastic vivarium the dimension of a huge shoebox because that the an initial several month of their lives. Adult corn snakes require a cage at the very least the size of a 20-gallon long reptile terrarium, yet bigger is even better. Snakes room not society animals, for this reason cagemates are quite stressful. Home only one corn snake to a cage. Every snakes are escape artists, therefore make sure the cage is absolutely to escape proof. Snake habitat commodities like climbing branches may be appreciated, yet a couple of dark, tight reptile hides are important to assist the snake feel secure.
Corn snake Lighting and Temperature
No special lighting is required, but natural irradiate from surrounding windows will assist your corn snake adjust its day and night cycles, and its seasonal cycles. Be mindful to avoid straight sunlight shining right into the cage, or the temperatures can quickly become lethal.
Provide a temperature gradient v a light, or undertank warm pad or cable. Top top the warm finish 85 levels Fahrenheit is perfect, and also room temperatures (low 70s) space fine because that the cool end. One long, skinny hide, such together a hole log or PVC pipe, have the right to be inserted so one end of the hide is cool and also one end is warm. Be sure to examine the temperature within the warm finish of the hide — not on the glass. Temperatures deserve to vary fairly a little within just a couple of inches, therefore thermometer and also hide box placement is important.
Misting the enclosure often reasons fungus and also mold. If the corn line sheds that is skin in pieces, increase humidity inside the hide box by adding a clump of wet moss or document towel anytime the snake prepares come shed. Remove this damp filler in in between sheds to avoid buildup the bacteria, mold, etc.
Corn snake Substrate
Most breeders use aspen shavings as bedding due to the fact that it is absorbent, soft and holds the shape once snakes burrow. Cypress mulch likewise works, however avoid aromatic woods such as pine or cedar. Newspaper and reptile carpet also suffice, however the corn snake often tends to get under the whenever possible. Prevent sand because it may cause impactions if ingested.
Corn line Food
The primary natural food the corn line is appropriately sized rodents. Part baby corn snakes additionally eat lizards or an occasional frog. Adult corn snakes may eat bird or your eggs. Carry out not market crickets since corn line don’t acknowledge them together food.
Hatchlings normally eat child mice. Rise to a jumbo computer mouse for a huge adult corn snake. Many corn snakes learn to eat formerly frozen, but totally thawed out, mice. Be ready to market a live newborn mouse to infant corn snakes emphasize by a new home or not provided to thawed mouse yet. It commonly won’t take countless times come train castle to take thawed mice. Placing her corn snake and a thawed computer mouse in an empty container with a few air holes and also closing the lid will aid the snake concentrate on the food, and encourage it come eat. Be certain the lid is ~ above tightly, and don’t put it near a warm source, or you hazard overheating the snake. Cut made right into the skin that a thawed mouse ensure faster and much more complete digestion. Feed baby corn snakes once every 5 to 7 days, and also feed adult corn snakes as soon as every 7 to 10 days.
Photo Credit: invoice Love
Okeetee corn snake.
Corn line Water
Fresh water should constantly be accessible in a shallow, hefty reptile water bowl. Clean out the key every couple of days or sooner if it is soiled. Ar the key in a cage edge so it have the right to be easily uncovered as the snake cruises the cage perimeter in ~ night.
Corn line Handling and also Temperament
Hatchling corn snakes are normally nervous and defensive. Fearless babies to be eaten conveniently long back and never passed their gene onto future generations. Although the is typical for infant corn snakes come flee, hide or safeguard themselves, it is likewise true that they have actually no real ability to damage you. A white computer mouse or a cat the plays too approximately with that is owner have the right to do far an ext damage than also the biggest corn snake.
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It is important to offer a new corn line a few weeks come settle right into its new home and into a constant feeding routine prior to stressing it v unnecessary handling. After three or 4 successful meals, start handling your corn line for short periods, other than for the an initial two to three days ~ a meal. Be sure to method the corn snake from the side rather than the height like a predator would do. Background it up gently but with confidence. Suspicion scares the corn snake, and makes it most likely to hide or bite. If needed, usage lightweight noodle gloves to bolster confidence for as long as needed. Once the corn snake begins to realize the you space not going come eat it, and additionally that it demands to calm down to restore the security of the quiet cage, that will generally tame quickly and become really used come handling.