Aluminium

facet 13 of regular table is Aluminium v atomic number 13, atomic weight 26.981538. Aluminium, prize Al, has actually a Face focused Cubic structure and Silver color. Aluminium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial name of Aluminium is triels, icosagens. Understand everything around Aluminium Facts, physical Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Aluminium (or aluminum; see various endings) is a chemical facet in the boron team with prize Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. Aluminium is the 3rd most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and also the most abundant metal, in the Earth"s crust.

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Aluminium Facts

Read an essential information and facts around element Aluminium

name Aluminium
atom Number 13
atom Symbol Al
Atomic load 26.981538
phase Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
team in routine Table 13
Group Name boron family members
period in periodic Table 3
Block in regular Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p1
Melting suggest 660.32 °C
Boiling point 2519 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 3>
CAS Number CAS7429-90-5

ar
5
B
6
C
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

explore our interactive periodic table


How to situate Aluminium on periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus which is same as variety of electrons. The atomic number increases from left come right. Routine table starts at top left ( atom number 1) and ends at bottom ideal (atomic number 118). Because of this you can directly look because that atomic number 13 to uncover Aluminium on routine table.

Another means to read routine table and also locate an element is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To find Aluminium on routine table look because that cross section of team 13 and duration 3 in the contemporary periodic table.

discover Interactive routine Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table that Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Aluminium with various other elements

Aluminium History

The facet Aluminium was discovered by no one in year 1825 in Denmark . Aluminium acquired its surname from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)

Aluminium Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Aluminium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
diversity in world 5e-05
diversity in sunlight 6e-05
diversity in Meteorites 0.0091
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 0.081
abundance in oceans 5×10-7%
abundance in human beings 9e-07

Crystal framework of Aluminium

The hard state framework of Aluminium is Face centered Cubic.

The decision structure deserve to be described in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats chin in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
404.95 404.95 404.95 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The location of the atoms within the unit cell are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured from a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are explained by the ide of an are groups. All feasible symmetric species of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are considered distinct.

space Group name Fm_ 3m
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space Group Number 225
Crystal framework Face focused Cubic

Aluminium Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Aluminium atoms have actually 13 electrons and the digital shell structure is <2, 8, 3> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atomic Number 13
Number of electrons (with no charge) 13
Number the Protons 13
Mass Number 27
Number that Neutrons 14
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 8, 3>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p1
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p1
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell framework of Aluminium - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration of Aluminium - neutral Aluminium atom

The soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Aluminium atom is 3s2 3p1. The portion of Aluminium configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with plenty of electrons, this notation can become an extensive and for this reason an abbreviation notation is used.This is essential as it is the Valence electrons 3s2 3p1, electron in the outermost covering that identify the chemistry properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Aluminium

Complete soil state digital configuration for the Aluminium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1

Atomic structure of Aluminium

Aluminium atom radius is 118 pm, if it"s covalent radius is 118 pm.

atomic Radius

118 afternoon (1.18 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.99316222222 cm3
Covalent Radius 118 afternoon (1.18 Å)
valve der Waals Radius N/A
ghost Cross ar 0.233 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Aluminium

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Aluminium chemical Properties: Aluminium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Aluminium is 42.5 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.61
ElectronAffinity 42.5 kJ/mol

Ionization energy of Aluminium

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies that Aluminium

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 577.5
2 1816.7
3 2744.8
4 11577
5 14842
6 18379
7 23326
8 27465
9 31853
10 38473

Aluminium physics Properties

Refer to below table for Aluminium physics Properties

density 2.7 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.99316222222 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 70 GPa
Shear Modulus 26 GPa
mass Modulus 76 GPa
Poisson proportion 0.35

Hardness of Aluminium - test to measure of Hardness that Element

Mohs Hardness 2.75 MPa
Vickers Hardness 167 MPa
Brinell Hardness 245 MPa

Aluminium electrical Properties

Aluminium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electric properties of Aluminium

electric Conductivity 3.8×107 S/m
Resistivity 2.6×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting point 1.175

Aluminium Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 235 W/(m K)
Thermal expansion 0.0000231 K-1

Aluminium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Paramagnetic
Curie allude N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility 7.8×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 2.1×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 2.11e-05

Optical properties of Aluminium

Refractive index N/A

Acoustic properties of Aluminium

rate of Sound 5.1×103 m/s

Aluminium thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties of Aluminium

Melting allude 933.47 K (660.32 °C)
Boiling suggest 2792 K (2519 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting allude 1.175

Enthalpies that Aluminium

warmth of combination 10.7 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 293 kJ/mol
heat of burning N/A

Aluminium isotope - nuclear Properties of Aluminium

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Aluminium has actually 1 secure isotope - 27Al.


Isotope Isotope massive % variety T half Decay setting
21Al
22Al
23Al
24Al
25Al
26Al
27Al 100% steady N/A
28Al
29Al
30Al
31Al
32Al
33Al
34Al
35Al
36Al
37Al
38Al
39Al
40Al
41Al
42Al

Regulatory and also Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7429-90-5
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000
period Hazard course 4.3
dot Numbers 1396
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA health Rating 0
NFPA Reactivity Rating 1
Autoignition allude 400 °C
Flashpoint 645 °C

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to find the element in various chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7429-90-5
CID Number CID5359268
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSBD0330000

Compare Aluminium v all Group 13 elements

Aluminium vs Boron Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs Nihonium

Compare Aluminium v all post-transition metal elements

Aluminium vs Gallium Aluminium vs Indium Aluminium vs tin Aluminium vs Thallium Aluminium vs command Aluminium vs Bismuth Aluminium vs Nihonium Aluminium vs Flerovium Aluminium vs Moscovium Aluminium vs Livermorium