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London is the funding city the the joined Kingdom. The is the U.K.’s largest metropolis and also its economic, transportation, and social centre. London is likewise among the oldest of the world’s great cities, with its background spanning virtually two millennia.


London’s founding can it is in traced come 43 CE, as soon as the Roman armies began your occupation of britain under Emperor Claudius. At a suggest just phibìc of the marshy sink of the flow Thames, where 2 low hills to be sited, they developed a settlement they referred to as Londinium. The first definite point out of London occurs in 60 CE through the Roman historian Tacitus.


During civilization War II London endured intense aerial bombardment by Nazi forces during the Blitz, a campaign from September 1940 to may 1941 that ruined the city. An estimated 43,000 Londoners died, and a more 50,000 to be injured. More than 70,000 buildings were destroyed, and many an ext were damaged. The Blitz fail to break Britain, however, and Nazi Germany abandoned the attacks.


London is one of the world’s many cosmopolitan cities. The is the biggest metropolis in the joined Kingdom, and also it is additionally the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural centre. In enhancement to the history, art, and politics, London is a renowned tourist location for its wide variety of museums, shops, restaurants, and sports teams.


London is positioned in southeastern England, lie on both sides of the flow Thames some 50 mile (80 km) upstream native its estuary on the north Sea.


London, city, resources of the joined Kingdom. It is among the oldest of the world’s an excellent cities—its background spanning practically two millennia—and one of the many cosmopolitan. By far Britain’s biggest metropolis, that is likewise the country’s economic, transportation, and cultural centre.

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London is situated in southeastern England, lying astride the flow Thames some 50 mile (80 km) upstream from its estuary ~ above the north Sea. In satellite photographs the metropolis have the right to be seen to sit compactly in a eco-friendly Belt of open up land, with its principal ring highway (the M25 motorway) threaded about it in ~ a radius of around 20 mile (30 km) native the city centre. The growth of the built-up area was stopped by strict town planning controls in the mid-1950s. Its physics limits much more or less correspond to the administrative and also statistical borders separating the urban county of higher London from the “home counties” the Kent, Surrey, and Berkshire (in clockwise order) come the south of the river and Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire, and also Essex come the north. The historic counties the Kent, Hertfordshire, and also Essex extend in area past the current governmental counties v the very same names come include comprehensive parts that the metropolitan county of better London, i beg your pardon was developed in 1965. Many of greater London southern of the Thames belongs come the historic county that Surrey, while many of greater London phibìc of the Thames belong historically to the county of Middlesex. Area higher London, 607 square mile (1,572 square km). Pop. (2001) higher London, 7,172,091; (2011 prelim.) higher London, 8,173,941.