The organization of countries was an global organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the an initial World battle to provide a forum for resolving global disputes. Though an initial proposed by chairman Woodrow Wilson as component of his Fourteen Points plan for an equitable tranquility in Europe, the United tennis2007.orgs never ended up being a member.

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Speaking before the U.S. Congress on January 8, 1918, president Woodrow Wilson enumerated the critical of his Fourteen Points, which dubbed for a “general association of nations…formed under specific covenants because that the purpose of affording common guarantees of political independence and territorial truth to great and tiny tennis2007.orgs alike.” countless of Wilson’s previous clues would require regulation or enforcement. In calling because that the development of a "general association of nations," Wilson voiced the wartime opinions of numerous diplomats and intellectuals top top both sides of the Atlantic who thought there was a require for a new type of standing global organization specialized to promoting international cooperation, giving security for its members, and also ensuring a lasting peace. V Europe’s populace exhausted by 4 years of total war, and also with numerous in the unified tennis2007.orgs optimistic that a new organization would be able to solve the international problems that had actually led to battle in 1914, Wilson’s articulation of a league of nations was madness popular. However, it proved exceptionally challenging to create, and Wilson left office never ever having persuaded the United tennis2007.orgs to join it.


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The idea of the organization was base in the broad, global revulsion versus the unprecedented damage of the first World War and the modern understanding that its origins. This to be reflected in all of Wilson’s Fourteen Points, which were themselves based upon theories of cumulative security and also international company debated amongst academics, jurists, socialists and utopians before and also during the war. After adopting numerous of this ideas, Wilson took up the cause with evangelical fervor, whipping up mass enthusiasm because that the company as he travel to the Paris tranquility Conference in January 1919, the very first President to take trip abroad in an official capacity.

Wilson used his tremendous affect to connect the commitment of the League, that charter, to the treaty of Versailles. An effective League, he believed, would certainly mitigate any type of inequities in the peace terms. He and the various other members the the “Big Three,” Georges Clemenceau the France and David Lloyd George the the united Kingdom, drafted the agreement as component I of the treaty of Versailles. The League’s key organs were an Assembly of all members, a Council made up of 5 permanent members and four rotating members, and an global Court of Justice. Most important for Wilson, the organization would insurance the territorial integrity and also political freedom of member tennis2007.orgs, authorize the organization to take it “any action…to safeguard the peace,” create procedures for arbitration, and also create the mechanisms because that economic and also military sanctions.


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The battle to ratify the contract of Versailles and the covenant in the U.S. Conference helped define the most necessary political division over the duty of the United tennis2007.orgs in the world for a generation. A triumphant Wilson returned to the United says in February 1919 to submit the Treaty and also Covenant come Congress for its consent and also ratification. Unfortunately for the President, while famous support for the league was still strong, opposition in ~ Congress and also the press had started building even before he had actually left for Paris. Spearheading the an obstacle was the Senate majority leader and also chairman the the foreign Relations Committee, Henry Cabot Lodge.

Motivated by Republican comes to that the league would commit the United says to one expensive company that would reduce the unified tennis2007.orgs’ capacity to safeguard its own interests, Lodge led the opposition come joining the League. Whereby Wilson and also the League’s supporters saw merit in an international body the would job-related for peace and also collective protection for that members, Lodge and also his pendant feared the after-effects of joining in europe’s tangled politics, now even more complicated because of the 1919 peace settlement. Lock adhered to a vision of the United tennis2007.orgs returning to its traditional aversion to commitments outside the western Hemisphere. Wilson and also Lodge’s an individual dislike the each other poisoned any hopes for a compromise, and in in march 1920, the Treaty and Covenant were beat by a 49-35 Senate vote. Ripe months later, Warren Harding was chosen President ~ above a communication opposing the League.

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The joined tennis2007.orgs never ever joined the League. Most historians hold the the organization operated much less properly without U.S. Participation 보다 it would have actually otherwise. However, even while rejecting membership, the Republican Presidents the the period, and their international policy architects, agreed with numerous of that goals. To the degree that conference allowed, the Harding, Coolidge, and also Hoover administrations associated the United claims with League initiatives on number of issues. Continuous suspicion in Congress, however, that secure U.S. Collaboration with the organization would lead to de facto membership prevented a near relationship in between Washington and Geneva. Additionally, growing disillusionment v the contract of Versailles reduced support because that the league in the unified tennis2007.orgs and the worldwide community. Wilson’s insistence that the commitment be connected to the Treaty to be a blunder; over time, the Treaty was discredited together unenforceable, short-sighted, or too extreme in the provisions, and also the League’s failure either to enforce or revise it only reinforced U.S. Conference opposition to working through the league under any circumstances. However, the coming of civilization War II when again prove the require for an reliable international organization to adjust disputes, and also the United claims public and the Roosevelt management supported and became starting members that the brand-new United Nations.