In simply a century, the Aztec built realm in the area now called main Mexico. The come of the Spanish conquistadors lugged it to a suddenly end.
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Pyramid the the Sun
The Teotihuacan pyramids are some of the biggest of their type in the Americas. Ancient Teotihuacanos created the Pyramid the the Sun and the Pyramid that the Moon in the year 100 C.E., centuries before the Aztec had arrived in Teotihuacan. These marvels still was standing at one incredible height of approximately 65 meters (213 feet) and also 43 meters (141 feet) respectively.
Photograph by f9photos
The legendary beginning of the Aztec world has them migrating from a homeland referred to as Aztlan to what would become modern-day Mexico. While it is not clear whereby Aztlan was, a number of scholars believe that the Mexica—as the Aztec referred to themselves—migrated southern to central Mexico in the 13th century.
The Mexica starting of Tenochtitlan to be under direction from their patron god Huitzilopochtli, according to legend. The legend recounts that Huitzilopochtli told them to discovered their settlement in the place where a huge eagle eating a line was perched on a cactus. This settlement, in the region of Mesoamerica dubbed Anáhuac situated on a team of five linked lakes, came to be Tenochtitlan. Excavators date the founding of Tenochtitlan come 1325 C.E.
At first, the Mexica in Tenochtitlan were one of a variety of small city-states in the region. They were topic to the Tepanec, whose funding was Azcapotzalco, and also had to pay tribute to them. In 1428, the Mexica allied through two various other cities—Texcoco and also Tlacopan. They developed the Aztec Triple Alliance and were may be to win the fight for regional control, collecting tribute from conquered states.
Key to the climb of Tenochtitlan to be the agricultural system the made it possible to feeding the population. Chinampas, small, man-made islands created over the waterline, were one function of the system. Recordkeeping was vital to tracking tributes. 2 pictographic texts that survived Spanish destruction—the Matricula de tributos and also Codex Mendoza—record the tributes paid to the Aztecs. The codices likewise recorded religious practices.
A 260-day ritual calendar was supplied by Aztec priests for divination, alongside a 365-day solar calendar. At their main temple in Tenochtitlan, Templo Mayor, the Aztecs exercised both bloodletting (offering one’s own blood) and also human sacrifice as part of their spiritual practices. The Spanish reaction to Aztec religious practices is thought to be partially responsible because that the violence of the Spanish conquest.
The Spanish, led byconquistadorHernando Cortés, arrived in what is currently Mexico in 1519. Castle were searching for gold, and also the presents from the Mexica ruler, Motecuhzoma, verified that gold was present. Upon arriving in Tenochtitlan, Cortés took Motecuhzoma prisoner and attempted to preeminence on his behalf, however this did no go well, and also Cortés fled the city in June that 1520.
This was not the finish of the interactions, however. The Spanish conquistadors set siege come the Aztec resources from the middle of might of 1521 until they surrendered on august 13, 1521. They to be aided by Texcoco, a former Triple Alliance member.
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A good deal of Tenochtitlan was damaged in the fighting, or to be looted, burned, or damaged after the surrender. Cortés began to develop what is now well-known as Mexico City, the funding of a Spanish swarm of which that was named governor, atop the ruins.