Most electric fence problems are brought about by poor grounding. Why? An electrical fence is an electrical circuit. The electrical present travels indigenous the charger, under the fence line, through the animal, along the planet to the ground device and ago to the charger. If the ground device is inadequate, the electrical present is reduced and also the animal receives a weaker shock.

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Tips -

• The ground mechanism should be at the very least 33" (10 m) away from electrical or phone call ground systems to prevent interference.

• Moist floor conducts electrical energy much much better than dried soil. If possible, situate the ground system in a boggy area. In dry weather, wet the area about the ground device to save the soil moist.

• Make certain there room a sufficient number of ground rods. Watch your charger’s user manual for recommendations. If in doubt, usage at the very least three floor rods. Use more ground rods if her soil conditions are no ideal.

• ground rods must be at least 6"6" (2 m) long. One lengthy ground stick works much better than several brief ground rods.

2. Trial and error your ground system

Test her ground device regularly to ensure you are gaining the many out that your electric fence.

1. Revolve off the charger.

2. At least 330" (100 m) away from the charger, short circuit the fence by laying numerous steel rods (or lengths that pipe) versus the fence. In dried or sandy soils, it may be vital to drive the rods approximately 12" (30 cm) right into the earth.

3. Rotate on the charger.

Note: perform not brief circuit a fence-return (ground-wire-return) device by connecting the live wire to the ground wire.

4. Usage a digital voltmeter to measure up the fence voltage. It need to read 2 kV or less. If not, add an ext ground rods.

5. Examine the ground device by inserting the voltmeter’s soil probe right into the planet at the full extent of the lead, and also test the voltage top top the critical ground rod. The voltmeter reading need to be no more than 0.3 kV. If the reading is greater than this, your ground mechanism is insufficient. Add more ground rods, or find a better location for her ground system.

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3. Faults

Faults are resulted in when the electric current leaks away from the fence down to the earth. This is frequently caused through grass, weeds or overhanging branches emotional the electrical fence. Broken insulators may reason a error by enabling the electric fence cable to touch the fence post. Inspect your fence routinely using one of the procedures below.

4. Checking your fence

Using a fault finder is the quickest, many accurate way of locating a error in the fence. Starting at the leadout wire, occupational your means along the fence taking readings at regular intervals. A error will display up as an abnormally high reading. The electrical current flows towards a fault in the same means that water flows in the direction of a feet in a poke hose. A sudden readjust in current between one point and the next shows a fault in between the 2 points.

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It is also possible to examine for faults making use of a digital voltmeter. Isolation sections the the fence utilizing cut-out switches and check the voltage in every section.

An to be radio have the right to be supplied to locate a fault. Track the radio between stations and also drive or walk follow me of the fence. If the fence is OK, over there won"t be any type of sound. As soon as the radio gets close to a fault, you will hear clicking the radio. Together you get closer to the fault, the click will gain louder.

If the fault is led to by a faulty insulator, note it v non-metallic repaint so you have the right to locate it easily after you have actually turned turn off the fence.

5. Join

Electric fence wire should be joined utilizing a knot that allows the electrical present to pass through the wires. Here are part recommended knots:

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To join damaged poliwire or politape, use a cigarettle lighter to burn away the plastic yarn in order to disclose the stainless steel wire. Twist and also join the wires together, then tie the poliwire or politape in a knot. The electrical existing can climate pass through the join. Once inter-connecting fence wires in ~ the finish of a strain, usage joint clamps. Utilizing these clamps, instead of twisting wires together prevents arcing and greatly reduce voltage loss.

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6. Undergate connections

When bypassing gateways, ensure that live wires are safeguarded from damage caused by animal hooves, vehicles etc. Encase high quality, dual insulated underground cable in a polythene pipe and bury at least 12 inches (30 cm) deep. Turn the ends of the pipe down to save water out.

7. Animal training

To train pets to respect electric fencing one method is to usage a little well-fenced stop paddock. Division the hold paddock using Politape and also a Patriot charger. Present the untrained livestock come the paddock. The animals will quickly learn to protect against the electrical fence barrier.

8. Picking an electrical fence charger

Make sure your electric fence charger meets the needs of your electric fence, refer to your Patriot installation hand-operated for guidance. This will certainly vary depending on the form of fence, the number of fence wires, exactly how much vegetation is growing around the fence and the climate. Remember, if you extend the size of the fence by including to the fence or subdividing the with temporary fences, you must make certain your charger is powerful enough. If you use a much more powerful charger, make certain you increase the variety of ground rods in the floor system.

9. RFI (Radio Frequency Interference)

Many ranches suffer native RFI (Radio Frequency Interference. This often results in negative radio reception and an annoying ticking noise on the phone call line. Patriot chargers are fitted v special contents and advanced circuitry that substantially reduces the level of electric emissions that could otherwise affect nearby electrical equipment. .

10. Mixing steels

Avoid using various metals in your electric fence. In damp conditions, as soon as an electric existing passes through the differing metals, electrolysis will certainly occur. For example, utilizing stainless stole ground rods and an aluminium leadout cable will reason problems. In a short room of time, the aluminium will disintegrate. If possible, store the wire joints over the soil to boost airflow and reduce electrolysis. Seal the cable joints with thick paint, epoxy or tar to save moisture far from the share area. Use similar metals in your electrical fence will avoid difficulties with electrolysis altogether.

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11. Obtaining a shock from a fence post or gate?

Sometimes, induction causes a strainer article or metal gate, providing whoever touches it a nasty shock. To get rid of this problem, clip a piece of wire onto the strainer write-up to interconnect all the fence wires. Bury the wire 3" (10 cm) into the earth. This will lug the unwanted existing down come the earth. Since the interconnecting cable is positioned after ~ the insulators, you will certainly not it is in compromising the high quality of the fence in any kind of way.