Among various other things: There's a painful problem in which her body literally beginning eating yourself from within.

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The gut microbiome may be crucial window come our health and understanding the excessive weight epidemic. (Credit: Anatomy Insider/Shutterstock)
1. The gastrointestinal street is a 30-foot tube running from her mouth to your anus. Topologically, your gut has the very same shape together those doughnuts you consistently pass with it.

2. The small intestine contains so plenty of folds — under to the microscope level — that its total surface area is around 2,700 square feet, sufficient to cover a tennis court.

3. The roman inn physician Galen pertained to the stomach together a quasi-autonomous being within us, able to “feel a absence which rouses the animal and also stimulates that to seek food.”

4. Lot of our simple understanding that gastric physiology comes from the occupational of military surgeon wilhelm Beaumont, that in 1825 observed the digestive process by inserting food into an unhealed gunshot wound in a French-Canadian trapper’s stomach.

5. The 3 days that Christmas: It take it up to 72 hrs to digest her holiday dinner. Carbs (stuffing and also pumpkin pie) will certainly be processed first. The dry, overcooked protein the is your holiday turkey came next. Fat (gravy and whipped cream) was be the last to go.

6. Maybe it’s just the company. Tryptophan, an amino acid found in turkey, is regularly blamed because that post-meal drowsiness, but the protein in the meat largely neutralize it.

7. Or maybe it’s those to dance sugarplums. Gorging on high-glycemic foods (lots that sugar and starch) deserve to concentrate tryptophan in her blood plasma, an enhancing its effect.

8. Many of the body’s serotonin, a significant mood-influencing hormone, is made not in the head however in the stomach lining.

9. The calories girlfriend burn just digesting food account for 5 come 15 percent that your energy expenditure. Protein and alcohol need the most energy.

10. Chemistry that a cheap date: Women create only 60 percent together much alcohol dehydrogenase, the enzyme that neutralizes booze, as men do.

11. Achalasia, a rare problem that stays clear of swallowing, deserve to be treated by a shoot of Botox, i m sorry relaxes the esophageal sphincter — and also undoubtedly renders it look years younger.

12. Pica, an eating disorder in which sufferers construct an appetite because that nonnutritive building materials such as paint and also dirt, affects up to 30 percent that young children. Its cause is unknown but possibly attached to ethereal mineral deficiencies.

13. Your stomach’s primary digestive juice, hydrochloric acid, deserve to dissolve metal, yet plastic toys that go down the hatch will come the end the other end as great as new. (A choking peril is tho a choke hazard, though.)

14. Exact same with crayons, hair, and chewing gum — all of which will pass v within a couple of days, no matter what you’ve heard.

15. You, however, are easily digestible. The pain the pancreatitis comes native fat-digesting enzyme leaking from the pancreatic duct system into surrounding tissues, literally eat you from within.

16. Water, enzymes, base salts, mucus, and also bile create about two gallons the liquid that enters the huge intestine. Just six tablespoons or so comes out.

17. Without the colon’s marvelous ability to recoup bodily fluids, pets could not make it through on dried land.

18. The loudest human burp ever recorded — 107.1 decibels, around as loud as a chain saw from three feet — was created by Londoner Paul Hunn in September 2008. ~ above TV, no less.

19. Brown is the new green: In 2005 the Ashden Award for Sustainable energy was provided to a Rwandan jail that provided the methane from human being feces come fuel food preparation stoves.

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20. That one regimen saved an ext than $1.5 million. Think of the global implications.